We have seen many shias using hadith of Aisha (r.a) like a proof that Ali (r.a) didn’t ake an oath to Abu Bakr (r.a) during first 6 months of his ruling. However that’s not a correct point of view. Our mother Aisha (r.a) narrated the vision of history that she knew. But she wasn’t aware that Ali make an oath to her father during first days of his ruling.
Imam Abdullah bn Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimuhullah) narrated in his book Sunnan:
حدثني عبيد الله بن عمر القواريري حدثنا عبد الأعلى بن عبد الأعلى حدثنا داود بن أبي هند عن أبي نضرة قال لما اجتمع الناس على أبي بكر رضي الله عنه فقال ما لي لا أرى عليا قال فذهب رجال من الأنصار فجاءوا به فقال له يا علي قلت ابن عم رسول الله وختن رسول الله فقال علي رضي الله عنه لا تثريب يا خليفة رسول الله ابسط يدك فبسط يده فبايعه ثم قال أبو بكر ما لي لا أرى الزبير قال فذهب رجال من الأنصار فجاءوا به فقال يا زبير قلت ابن عمة رسول الله وحواري رسول الله قال الزبير لا تثريب يا خليفة رسول الله ابسط يدك فبسط يده فبايعه
It was reported to me by Ubeydullah ibn Umar al-Qawarere, he said: reported to me AbdulAla ibn AbdulAla, he said: reported to me Dawud ibn Abi Hanad from Abu Nadra:
When people agreed upon Abu Bakr – may Allah be pleased with him, he said: “What happen to me? Why I don’t see Ali?” A man from ansar gone and came with him (Ali). (Abu Bakr) said to him: “O Ali, You would say that you are son of prophet’s uncle, and cousin of prophet?” (Ali answered): “Don’t rebuke, o caliph of messenger of Allah, stretch you hand”. He stretched his hand and he made an oath. Then Abu Bakr said: “What happen to me? Why I don’t see Zubayr?”. A man from ansar gone and came with him. (Abu Bakr) said to him: “O Zubayr! You would say that you are son of aunt of prophet, and his apostle?”. Zubayr said: “”Don’t rebuke, o caliph of messenger of Allah, stretch you hand”. He stretched his hand and he made an oath.
Quoted from “Kitabu Sunnan” #1292, p554.
Editor of this book Muhammad al-Qahtani said: Chain is authentic.
Different versions of this hadith could find in other books also.
Imam Hakim (rahimuhullah) narrated it in his “Mustadrak” (#4457) with slight difference. He said: Hadith is authentic in accordance to conditions of two shaykh.
Beyhaki (rahimuhullah) narrated it in his “Itikadat” 1/ 349-350
As it stated in this two books, Abu Nadra narrated it from Abu Sayed al-Hudri