We have seen many shias both laymen and scholars accusing some companions due to they late respond to prophetic order, or to they dispute over such order. For example they use to speak a lot about incident when prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) asked for pen and paper. In brief their objection can be described like this: How companions dare to raise objection to request of prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) to bring him pen and paper. Shias use to say that each saying of prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) was inspiration, to whoever would reject his saying, or object to them, he rejected or objected to inspiration.
Let us imagine for a minute that we become shias (may Allah protect us from that), and we can easily critic deeds of companions.
Jafar Rafidi Subhani wrote in his book:
Suhayl said: “I am not acquainted with this sentence. Write: “In Your name O’ Allah!” The Prophet agreed that the sentence as uttered by Suhayl might be written. Ali wrote it accordingly. Then the Prophet asked Ali to write: ‘This is the pact which Muhammad the Messenger of Allah has concluded with Suhayl the representative of Quraysh’.
Suhayl said: “We don’t formally recognize your Prophethood and if we had recognized you as a Prophet we wouldn’t have waged war against you. You should write your own name and that of your father and should omit this title from the pact”.
Some of the Muslims were not agreeable that the Prophet should surrender to Suhayl to this extent. However the Prophet agreed even to this by keeping in view some higher interests which will be explained later and asked Ali to delete the phrase ‘Messenger of Allah’. At this stage Ali submitted with due reverence: “It is not possible for me to take the liberty of deleting your title of ‘Messenger’ and ‘Prophet’ from beside your sacred name”. The Prophet asked Ali to put his (the Prophet’s) finger on the word so that he might delete it personally. Ali put the Prophet’s finger on the word and he deleted the title ‘Messenger of Allah’
After deciding the terms of peace, it came to drafting the agreement. Suhayl created hurdles at every step in this matter too. When `Ali (a.s) started writing the draft, the Prophet (a.s) asked him to write “bismillahirrahmanirrahim” on the top of the document. Suhayl said they did not know what “arrahman” was. He just wanted them to write “bismikallahumma” at the head of the document (this was first used by Umayyah ibn al-Salt before Islam and was generally written in all letters and documents since then). The prophet (a.s) did not want to enter into an argument and accepted his suggestion. Then `Ali (a.s) wrote “This is the agreement of peace which Allah’s Prophet Muhammad has made with Suhayl ibn `Amr.” Suhayl objected about this sentence as well that they did not accept Muhammad (a.s) as the Prophet of Allah. If they had recognized him as the Prophet (a.s) they would not have objected to his entering Makkah. He therefore wanted them to write his name as “Muhammad (a.s) ibn `Abdullah”. The Prophet (a.s) asked `Ali (a.s) to strike off the words “rasūlullah” with his pen and write “Muhammad ibn `Abdullah”. `Ali (a.s) put down his pen in anger saying, “By Allah! I shall not strike off the words, ‘rasūlullah’ from the document!” The Prophet (a.s) said, “I shall strike off the words myself!” He drew a line across those words and told `Ali (a.s):
So could anyone from shias enlighten us, why does they use to critic companions to some disobedience and at the same time, they closing their eyes on such incident?
Here another accident when Ali (r.a) disobeyed prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam).
Shia author Mufti Jafar Husayn in his “Sirat amir al-muminin” (p 293) wrote:
After a major number of the Muslims leaving al-Madinah, the hypocrites who remained back and those who returned from the way, in the event of the defeat of the Muslim army, which `Abdullah Ibn Ubay expected, they planned to invade the Prophet’s home and loot it and send away the members of his family from al-Madinah. There was also danger from people who had not as yet embraced Islam and were defeated in the battles that they fought with them. Such people might see an opportunity to plunder the properties and assets of the Muslims. In these circumstances, it was the demand of farsightedness that a person should be left in al-Madinah who could face any eventuality with courage and control things from going awry. Therefore, the Prophet (a.s) decided to leave behind `Ali (a.s) whose fear was already embedded in the hearts of the Arabs because of his recent successes in the battles. The hypocrites of al-Madinah did not like this arrangement. When they were unable to find any excuse, they said:
“The Prophet (a.s) considering him a burden, has left him behind!”
`Ali (a.s) who was continuously winning in the battles with the infidels, was feeling for being dropped from the contingent going for the new Campaign. When he heard this taunt from the hypocrites, he could not control himself and put on the arms and started moving behind the army at some distance. After sometime, he caught up with them and went to the presence of the Prophet (a.s). He complained to the Prophet (a.s) that the hypocrites say that he was left behind because he would be a burden during the campaign.
Ibn Muttahar al-Hilli in his book on bio of Ali (p 136) wrote:
The Messenger of Allah who had taken march towards Tabuk seriously, to carry out God’s order, departed with a group of believers toward Tabuk, appointing `Ali as his successor to protect Medina and to act as guardians of families, saying to him: The security of this city will not be guarded by anyone except you and me.
The Messenger of Allah knew that the Arabs residing around Mecca and those who had suffered life losses in the battles were looking for a chance to invade Mecca when the Holy Prophet was not in that city. It was due to this reason that he vigilantly endeavored to safeguard it. Now that the Holy Prophet was in the battle, he appointed `Ali to safeguard Medina which was feared to face chaos in the absence of the Messenger of Allah. Hearing this, the blind-hearted hypocrites and gossipmongers inside Medina were extremely worried and jealous of `Ali, for they knew that with the presence of `Ali no danger could threaten Medina and in this way their plot was foiled. Hence, they started the so-called cold war, spreading the rumor by saying: As the presence of `Ali in this battle is heavy for the prophet, he does not wish to take him with himself. Therefore, he leaves `Ali in Medina which means he does not honor `Ali, though they knew how much the Holy Prophet was interested in `Ali!
This kind of rumors was heavy for `Ali. So he immediately left Medina for meeting the Messenger of Allah.
1) Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) left Ali (r.a) in Madina.
2) Ali (r.a) didn’t obey to this, and went out from Madina, and moved behind the army.
Let us again, ask shias. Did prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) ordered to Ali (r.a) to stay in Madina? Answer should be yes.
Then why he moved behind the army?
3) If leaving Ali (r.a) in Madina was a merit for him, why he disobeyed and followed the army? May be shias understood that incident better than Ali (r.a) himself?
4) Why shias when they attacking noble companions, forgetting about these two accidents?