3 kind of people in Tawhid

Salam alaikum.

Ibn Babaweyh al-Qummi narrated in his book “At-Tawhid” (p 100-101):

حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد قال: حدثنا محمد بن يحيى العطار قال: حدثنا محمد بن أحمد قال: حدثنا محمد بن عيسى عن هشام بن إبراهيم قال: قال العباسي قلت له يعني أبا الحسن ع: جعلت فداك أمرني بعض مواليك أن أسألك عن مسألة قال: ومن هو؟ قلت: الحسن بن سهل قال: في أي شئ المسألة؟ قال: قلت في التوحيد قال: وأي شئ من التوحيد؟ قال: يسألك عن الله جسم أو لا جسم ؟ قال : فقال لي: إن للناس في التوحيد ثلاثة مذاهب مذهب إثبات بتشبيه و مذهب النفي ومذهب إثبات بلا تشبيه. فمذهب الاثبات بتشبيه لا يجوز ومذهب النفي لا يجوز والطريق في المذهب الثالث إثبات بلا تشبيه

(Chain) Abbasi said: “I said to him – it’s mean to Abul Hasan (alaihi salam) : “May I be your ransom, some of your mawaliya ordered me to ask your about issue”. He asked: “And who is that?”. I said: “al-Hasan ibn Sahl”. He said: “And what is issue about?”. I said: “About Tawhid”. He asked: “And what about tawhid?”  I said: “Question you about Allah, is He jism or not jism?”. And he (imam) said to me: “People in question of tawhid divided in 3 mazahib. (1) Mazhab isbat bi tashbih (accept and likening), (2) mazhab nafyi (rejection) and (3) mazhab isbat bila tashbih (accept without likening) . And mazhab isbat bi tashbih doesn’t permitted, and mazhab an-nafyi doesn’t permitted, the (correct) way in the 3-d mazhab isbat bila tashbih”.

See also “Biharul anwar” 3/304.

Let us examine this hadith.

There is no doubt that it’s disbelief to accept sifaat of Allah, and say that they are similar to the sifaat of His creation. That’s 1-st mazhab in this hadith.

Also it’s prohibited to reject any sifaat of Allah, that came to us in Quran or saheeh sunnah. This is second mazhab in this hadith. And we can see modern shias upon this way. They rejecting such sifaat of Allah, like hand, face, eyes and etc. But all these sifaats are present in Holy Quran.

[Shakir 38:75] He said: O Iblis! what prevented you that you should do obeisance to him whom I created with My two hands? Are you proud or are you of the exalted ones?

[Shakir 54:13] And We bore him on that which was made of planks and nails
[Shakir 54:14] Sailing, before Our eyes, a reward for him who was denied.

And third mazhab in this hadith, that was described like “way” by imam, is mazhab that ahlesunnah wal jamaat is upon. We accept all sifaat from Quran and sahih sunnah, and we doesn’t liken them to any sifaat of creation.

All praise to Allah.