The Fitnah between Ali RAA and The Muslims of Al Sham, Who took part in it?


By brother TripolySunni

The Fitnah between Ali RAA and The Muslims of Al Sham, Who took part in it?

-عن أيوب السختياني ، عن محمد بن سيرين أنه قال : لما حدثت الفتنة كان عدد الصحابة عشرة آلاف ، لم يخف منهم أربعون رجلا. معمر بن راشد : الجامع ، ج 11ص: 357 واسنادها صحيح.

From Ayyub al Sikhtiyani from Muhammad bin Sirin that he said: When the fitnah happened the number of companions was ten thousand, Only forty men took part. Source: Mu’amar bin Rashed: Al Jami’i 11/357, Isnad is Sahih.

2-عن عبد الله بن أحمد بن حنبل ، عن أبيه ، عن اسماعيل-ابن علية- عن أيوب- السختياني- عن محمد بن سيرين ، أن قال : (( هاجت الفتنة و أصحاب رسول الله -صلى الله عليه و سلم- عشرة آلاف ، فما حضر فيها مائة ، بل لم يبلغوا ثلاثين )).الخلال : السنة ، ج2 ص: 466 .و احمد بن حنبل : العلل و معرفة الرجال ، ج3 ص: 182 .والاسناد صحيح.

From Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal from his father, from Ismail – ibn Aliyah – from Ayyub al Sikhtiyani from Muhammad bin Sirin that he said: the Fitnah raged and the companions of the messenger (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) were ten thousand, So not even a hundred of them took part nor did they reach thirty. Source: Al Khalal: Al Sunnah 2/466. and Ahmad bin Hanbal: Al Ilal wa Ma’arifat al Rijal 3/182, The Isnad is Sahih.

According to this 99.70% of the companions of the prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) didn’t take part in he Fitnah between Ali RAA and the Province of al Sham.

A narration which describes the situation from the point of view of a normal muslim:

قَالَ أَبُو العَالِيَةِ:”لَمَّا كَانَ زَمَانُ عَلِيٍّ وَمُعَاوِيَةَ، وَإِنِّي لَشَابٌّ، القِتَالُ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مِنَ الطَّعَامِ الطَّيِّبِ، فَتَجَهَّزْتُ بِجَهَازٍ حَسَنٍ حَتَّى أَتَيْتُهُم، فَإِذَا صَفَّانِ مَا يُرَى طَرَفَاهُمَا، إِذَا كَبَّرَ هَؤُلاَءِ، كَبَّرَ هَؤُلاَءِ، وَإِذَا هَلَّلَ هَؤُلاَءِ، هَلَّلَ هَؤُلاَءِ، فَرَاجَعْتُ نَفْسِي، فَقُلْتُ: أَيُّ الفَرِيْقَيْنِ أُنَزِّلُهُ كَافِراً؟ وَمَنْ أَكْرَهَنِي عَلَى هَذَا؟
قَالَ: فَمَا أَمْسَيْتُ حَتَّى رَجَعْتُ، وَتَرَكْتُهُم.(سير أعلام النبلاء 209/4).

Abu al Aliyah Said: When the time of Ali and Muawiyah was upon us I was then young, I liked to fight more than eating delicious food. So i prepared myself well for battle and I went there(Battle field). I saw two long lines that extended infinity, If those make takbeer the others make takbeer, and if those cheer the others cheer, So I reconsidered my position and thought: Which of the two teams is a kaffir?
He said: So I went back and abandoned battle. Source: Siyar A’alam al nubala’a 4/209.

And this Abu al Aliyah is the one was the main reciter of Quran in Madinah (reading of Imam Nafi’i).

Allah said in Quran (49:9):

If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye peace between them: but if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other, then fight ye (all) against the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; But if it complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair: For Allah loves those who are fair (and just.)

(49:10) The Believers are but a single Brotherhood: So make peace and reconciliation between your two (contending) brothers; and fear God, that ye may receive Mercy.

It was al Hassan bin Ali (may Allah be pleased with them) who made peace finally between the two in the year of Jama’ah or year of unity… This was foretold by the Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam):

:من حديث أبي بكرة رضي الله عنه:
-قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:”إن ابني هذا سيد ولعل الله أن يصلح به بين فئتين من المسلمين عظيمتين”.
Narrated By Abu Bakr al Sideeq (may Allah be pleased with him):The Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said: This Son( Al Hassan) of mine is a sayyed and maybe Allah will reconcile through him two great divisions of the muslims. Source: Sahih al bukhari 3/1328 #3430, Al Sunan al kubrah 1/531 # 1718, Musnad Ahmad 5/51 #20535 and others …

2-2:من حديث جابر رضي الله عنه:
– قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن ابني هذا سيد وليصلحن الله به بين فئتين من المسلمين يعني الحسن بن علي ..
Narrated by Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him):
Prophet Of Allah (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said: This son of mine is a sayyed and Allah will reconcile by him two teams of Muslims – meaning al Hassan bin Ali.
Source: Al mu’ujam al Awsat 7/130 #7071 and 2/224 # 1810.

Also another similar hadith was narrated by Anas bin Malik RAA in al Sunan al Kubrah 6/72 # 10082.

More…

How many of those who took part in the battle of Badr took part in this Fitnah during the battle of Jamal and Siffin?

عن الشعبي أنه قال : (( لم يشهد الجمل من أصحاب النبي عليه الصلاة و السلام غير علي ،و عمار ،و طلحة ،و الزبير ، فإن جاؤوا بخامس فأنا كذاب ))

From al Sha’aby that he said: “From the companions of the prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa sallam) those who witnessed al Jamal (Battle) were none other than Ali, Ammar, Talha, Zubair, Bring me a Fifth and prove that I am a Liar”. Isnad is sahih, the Source: Imam Ahmad’s al ilal Fi Ma’arifat al rijal 3/43, Musannaf ibn abi Shayba 7/538, Al Sunnah for al Khallal 2/467, Siyar A’alam al nubala’a 9/107.

عن الشعبي أنه قال : (( بالله الذي لا إله إلا هو ، ما نهض في ذلك الأمر إلا ستة بدريين، ما لهم من سابع ))

from Al Sha’aby that he said: “by Allah the one and only, in that affair only six of the Ahlu Badr took part with no seventh”. Source: Tareekh al tabari 3/6.

و من مظاهر الاعتزال الجماعي للفتنة ، أن علي بن أبي طالب رضي الله عنه عندما ندب أهل المدينة للخروج معه للقتال لم يوافقوه ،و أبوا الخروج معه ، فكلّم عبد الله بن عمر شخصيا للخروج معه ، فقال له : أنا رجل من المدينة . ثم كرر عليهم دعوته للسير معه عندما سمع بخروج أهل مكة إلى البصرة ، فتثاقل عنه أكثرهم ،و استجاب له ما بين : 4 الى7 من البدريين

When Ali bin Abi talib (may Allah be pleased with him) asked the people of Madinah to go out with him in battle they disagreed and refused, So he talked to Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) personally regarding this but Ibn Umar  replied: “I am (but) a man of Madinah. Then he repeated this invitation when he heard that The people of Mecca left for al Basarah but most refused this and only around 4 to 7 from ahlu Badr accepted”. Source: Ibn Katheer Al bidayah wal nihayah 7/231.

قال بُكَيْرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الأَشَجِّ :”إِنَّ رِجَالا مِنْ أَهْلِ بَدْرٍ لَزِمُوا بُيُوتَهُمْ بَعْدَ قَتْلِ عُثْمَانَ نَضَّرَ اللَّهُ وَجْهَهُ ، فَلَمْ يَخْرُجُوا إِلا إِلَى قُبُورِهِمْ “”.

Bukayr bin Abdullah bin al Ashja’a said: “Men from Ahlu Badr remained in their homes after the assassination of Uthman May Allah brighten his face, and they did not come out except to their graves”. Source: “Al uzlah wal infirad” by  ibn Abi al Duniyah 18 #9, Minhaj al Sunnah 6/145.

More…

قال الامام أبو بكر بن أبي شيبة رحمه الله:حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ الْمَوْصِلِيُّ ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بُرْقَانَ ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ الأَصَمِّ ، قَالَ : سُئِلَ عَلِيٌّ عَنْ قَتْلَى يَوْمِ صِفِّينَ ، فَقَالَ : قَتْلاَنَا وَقَتْلاَهُمْ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ، وَيَصِيرُ الأَمْرُ إلَيَّ وَإِلَى مُعَاوِيَةَ

Al Imam Abu Bakr Bin Abi Shayba said: Umar bin Ayyoub al Mousili narrated from Ja’afar bin Burqan from Yazeed bin al Assam that he said: Ali was asked about the dead from the battle of Siffin so he answered: Our dead and their dead are in Heaven, and the matter will be between me and Muawiyah. Isnad is sahih, Al musannaf 15/302 #39035.