Commentary of Nisa 43 verse.


Salam alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatu.

Allah Taala said in the Quran:

ا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَارَى حَتَّىَ تَعْلَمُواْ مَا تَقُولُونَ وَلاَ جُنُبًا إِلاَّ عَابِرِي سَبِيلٍ حَتَّىَ تَغْتَسِلُواْ وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرْضَى أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاء أَحَدٌ مِّنكُم مِّن الْغَآئِطِ أَوْ لاَمَسْتُمُ النِّسَاء فَلَمْ تَجِدُواْ مَاء فَتَيَمَّمُواْ صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُواْ بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ كَانَ عَفُوًّا غَفُورًا {43}
[Shakir 4:43] O you who believe! do not go near prayer when you are Intoxicated until you know (well) what you say, nor when you are under an obligation to perform a bath– unless (you are) travelling on the road– until you have washed yourselves; and if you are sick, or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth, then wipe your faces and your hands; surely Allah is Pardoning, Forgiving.

Jalal-ad-deen as-Suyoote in his commentary “Durr-al-mansur” said:

أخرج عبد بن حميد وأبو داود والترمذي وحسنه والنسائي وابن جرير وابن المنذر وابن أبي حاتم والنحاس والحاكم وصححه عن علي بن أبي طالب قال‏:‏ صنع لنا عبد الرحمن بن عوف طعاما، فدعانا وسقانا من الخمر، فأخذت الخمر منا وحضرت الصلاة، فقدموني فقرأت‏:‏ قل يا أيها الكافرون لا أعبد ما تعبدون، ونحن نعبد ما تعبدون، فأنزل الله ‏{‏يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تقربوا الصلاة وأنتم سكارى حتى تعلموا ما تقولون‏}‏‏.‏
“It was narrated by Abd ibn Khumayd, Abu Dawud, Tirmizi, which said hadeeth is good, Nasai, ibn Jareer, ibn Munzeer, ibn Abe Khateem, Nukhaas, Hakeem that said hadeeth is saheeh, from Ali ibn Abe Talib, that he said: “Abdur-Rahman bin `Awf made some food to which he invited us and served some alcohol to drink. When we became intoxicated, and the time for prayer came, they put me to lead them in prayer. I recited `Say, `O disbelievers! I do not worship that which you worship, but we worship that which you worship [refer to the correct wording of the Surah: 109].”’ Allah then revealed,
[يَـأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الصَّلَوةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَـرَى حَتَّى تَعْلَمُواْ مَا تَقُولُونَ]
(O you who believe! Do not approach Salah when you are in a drunken state until you know what you are saying). ”

Suyoote also said:

وأخرج ابن جرير وابن المنذر عن علي أنه كان هو وعبد الرحمن ورجل آخر شربوا الخمر، فصلى بهم عبد الرحمن فقرأ ‏(‏قل يا أيها الكافرون‏)‏ ‏(‏الكافرون الآية 1‏)‏ فخلط فيها فنزلت ‏{‏ولا تقربوا الصلاة وأنتم سكارى‏}‏‏.

“It was narrated by ibn Jareer, ibn Munzeer from Ali, that he, Abdurrahman ibn Owf and other man drunk wine, and Abdurrahman lead them in pray and when he recited “O disbelievers!” he made mistake and it was revealed (O you who believe! Do not approach Salah when you are in a drunken state until you know what you are saying).

وأخرج ابن المنذر عن عكرمة في الآية قال‏:‏ نزلت في أبي بكر، وعمر، وعلي، وعبد الرحمن بن عوف، وسعد، صنع علي لهم طعاما وشرابا، فأكلوا وشربوا، ثم صلى علي بهم المغرب، فقرأ ‏(‏قل يا أيها الكافرون‏)‏ ‏(‏الكافرون الآية 1‏)‏ حتى خاتمتها فقال‏:‏ ليس لي دين وليس لكم دين‏.‏ فنزلت ‏{‏لا تقربوا الصلاة وأنتم سكارى‏}‏‏.‏
“Narrated ibn Munzeer from Ikrima that said about this verse: It was revealed about Abu Bakr, Umar, Ali, Abdurrahman ibn Owf, Sad. Ali made some food and drink for them. They eat and drunk, then Ali lead them in magreeb (till the end).

Well, what can we say here?

1) It is established per any from these two opinions that Ali (r.a) drunk wine during the period it wasn’t prohibited. I am not talking about third opinion, because narration is traced back to Ikrima, it’s mean mursal, and also there is no mentioned there that they drunk wine.
2) I have a question to all those rawafidh and shia that use to attack sheikhul-islam, because he narrated this story.
Tell us do u think that Suyoote, ibn Jareer, ibn Munzeer, Nasai (author of Khasais), Abu Dawud, Hakeem (that narrated a lot of fadhail of ahlelbayt), Tirmizi, ibn Jareer ibn Abe Khateem and all those ulamah who narrated this story WERE NAWASEEB? If yes, then we shouldn’t even to talk with you. If not, then stop attack ibn Taymiya due to he narrated this also.

When you people would understand that if for you sayidina Ali (r.a) is almost half-god, for us he was simple human with his own errs. And actually I can’t name this his established deed even like an err, because he done it when it wasn’t prohibited. So it’s not error or sin in our view.

Let me support this commentary with narrations, and brief info on each narrator.

This one from Tirmizi:
3026 – حدثنا عبد بن حميد حدثنا عبد الرحمن بن سعد عن أبي جعفر الرازي عن عطاء بن السائب عن أبي عبد الرحمن السلمي عن علي بن أبي طالب قال : صنع لنا عبد الرحمن بن عوف طعاما فدعانا وسقانا من الخمر فأخذت الخمر منا وحضرت الصلاة فقدموني فقرأت قل أيها الكافرون لا أعبد ما تعبدون ونحن نعبد ما تعبدون قال فأنزل الله تعالى { يا أيها الذين آمنوا لا تقربوا الصلاة وأنتم سكارى حتى تعلموا ما تقولون }
قال أبو عيسى هذا حديث حسن صحيح غريب
قال الشيخ الألباني : صحيح

1) Ali ibn Abe Taleeb (r.a)
2) Abu Abdurrahman Sulami. That’s Abdullah ibn Hubayb ibn Rabea. Nasai, Ijle said he was thiqat. Shabe confirmed that he heard from Ali ibn Abe Taleeb. And it was narrated from Ata ibn Sayeeb (next narrator in chain), that they entered Abu Abdurrahman when he was ill. (وقال عطاء بن السائب دخلنا على أبي عبد الرحمن السلمي في مرضه الذي مات ) (Tahzeeb al-kamal Mizzi #3222)

3) Ata ibn Saeeb. Saduq that get confused in the end of his life (taqreeb). Imam Ahmad said about him: thiqat, thiqat. Pious man (Tahzeeb al kamal Mizzi #3934).
4) Abu Jafar ar-Razi. That’s Isa ibn Abu Isa. Yahya ibn Main, Ali ibn Madeene, Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Ammar al-Mawsoole, Abu Khateem, ibn Sad said he was thiqat. Abu Zurah noticed that he erred a lot. Ahmad, Nasai said he wasn’t strong. Ibn Ade said: i hope he’s not bad. Ibn Khirash said: he was saduq with bad memory (Tahzeeb al-kamal #7284).
5) Abdurrahman ibn Sad. That should be Abdurrahman ibn Abdullah ibn Sad ibn Uthman ad-Dashtake. Ibn Main said he wasn’t bad. (Tahzeeb al-kamal #3867).
6) Abd ibn Khumayd. Famous muhadeeth.

Imam Abu Dawud narrated this hadeeth in his “Sunnan”:

3671 – حدثنا مسدد قال ثنا يحيى عن سفيان قال ثنا عطاء بن السائب عن أبي عبد الرحمن السلمي عن علي بن أبي طالب [ عليه السلام ]
: أن رجلا من الأنصار دعاه وعبد الرحمن بن عوف فسقاهما قبل أن تحرم الخمر فأمهم علي في المغرب فقرأ { قل يا أيها الكافرون } فخلط فيها فنزلت { لاتقربوا الصلاة وأنتم سكارى حتى تعلموا ما تقولون } .
قال الشيخ الألباني : صحيح

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
A man of the Ansar called him and AbdurRahman ibn Awf and supplied them wine before it was prohibited. Ali then led them in the evening prayer, and he recited; “Say: O ye who reject faith.” He was confused in it. Then the following verse came down: “O ye who believe! approach not prayers with a mind befogged until you can understand all that ye say.

1) Sayidina Ali (r.a).
2) Abu Abdurrahman Sulami (see previous post).
3) Ata ibn Sayeeb. The one and only objection that could be rised against this narration is the fact that Ata get confused in the end of his life. But, here this hadeeth narrated from Ata by Sufyan.
Mizzi in “Tahzeeb al-kamal” in the bio of Ata, said:

وقال علي بن المديني عن يحيى بن سعيد القطان ما سمعت أحدا من الناس يقول في عطاء بن السائب شيئا قط في حديثه القديم وما حدث سفيان وشعبة عن عطاء بن السائب صحيح إلا حديثين كان شعبة يقول سمعتهما بأخرة عن زاذان
“Ali ibn Madene said, that Yahya ibn Sayeed al-Qatan said: I didn’t hear single man who said anything about old narrations of Ata. And what was narrated from him by Sufyan and Shubah is saheeh, except two ahadeeth. Shubah said that he heard them in the end from Zazaan”.

وقال أبو طالب عن أحمد بن حنبل من سمع منه قديما كان صحيحا ومن سمع منه حديثا لم يكن بشيء سمع منه قديما شعبة وسفيان وسمع منه حديثا جرير وخالد بن عبد الله وإسماعيل وعلي بن عاصم
Abu Taleeb said, that Ahmad ibn Hanbal said: the one that heard from him long ago (his ahadeeth) is saheeh, and the one who heard from him lately (his ahadeeth) is nothing. Shubah and Sufyan heard from him long time ago, and Jareer, Khaleed ibn Abdullah, Ismayeel, Ali ibn Aseem heard from him lately”.

So, here we have clear authentication of chain Ata=Sufyan, from imam Ahmad and Yahya al-Qattan.
4) Sufyan famous imam.
5) Yahya. That should be Yahya ibn Sayeed al-Qattan. Imam, muhadeth.
6) Musaddad ibn Musarhad, Abul Hasan al-Basre. Ibn Muin, Nasai, Ijle said he was thiqat (tahzeeb al kamal #5899)