Curse upon those who revile companions in ahadeth


Salam alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatu

It was reported that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said: “Don’t revile my companions, curse of Allah upon those who reviled my companions”.

This hadith was narrated from Abdullah ibn Umar, ibn Abbas, Anas ibn Malik, and from Ata in mursal form.

Shaykh Albani said it’s hasan (good) in “al-Jamiu saheeh” (#5111) and “Sahih wa daif al-jamius sagher” (#9242).

Tabarani in “al-Kabir” (#13588) and “al-Awsat” (#7015), Hamza ibn Yusuf al-Jurjani in “Tareeh jurjan” (1/251)  narrated it from ibn Umar in form: “Curse of Allah upon those who reviled my companions”. In the chain Abdullah ibn Sayf al-Khawarezmi, and he’s weak. (“Majmau zawaid” #16424).

Al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (#16429) quoted it from Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), and said: “Narrated by Tabarani in “al-Awsat”, and narrators are narrators of saheeh except Ali ibn Sahl, and he’s thiqat”.

Abu Nuaym narrated it in mursal form from Ata in “Hilliyatul awliya” (7/103). Ibn Abu Aseem also narrated from him in his “Sunnan” with text: “Curse of Allah upon those who revile my companions”. All narrators were thiqat, and chain is saheeh. (“Silsila as-saheeha” #2340, and see “Zilalul jannah” #1001, where shaykh said it’s hasan)

Ibn Abu Shayba also narrated this from Ata in his “Mosannaf” (#32419) via the same chain. Ibn Abu Aseem in his book was narrating this from ibn Abu Shayba.

Ali ibn Jad narrated from Ata this hadith in “Musnad” (#2010). In the chain Muhammad ibn Abi Marzuq, and there is no information regarding his reliability. It’s possible that he was Muhammad ibn Said companion of Ikrima, but he’s also not known. (“Silsila as-saheeha” #2340).

It was also reported from ibn Abbas, that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said: “Curse of Allah, angels, and all human upon those who revile my companions”. Albani said it’s hasan. (“Sahih wa daif al-jamius sagher”#11230). And he said it’s saheeh by shawahid in his other book. (“Mukhtasar silsila as-saheeha” #2340)

Tabarani narrated it in his “ad-Dua” from Anas ibn Malik with wording: “Curse of Allah, angels, and all human upon those who revile my companions, May Allah not accept from him /sarfan/, or /adlan/”. It was said that /sarfan/ that’s mean repentance, and /adlan/ mean ransom (fidyah). In the chain Abu Shayba Yusuf ibn Ibrahim. And he was weak. (“Silsila as-saheeha” #2340). His shaykh Ali ibn Yazeed was’t the one who could be relied on (Ibn Adi “Kamil fi duafa” 5/212/#1365).

Wa Allahu Alam.