It was reported that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said: “Whoever hurts Ali, has hurt me”.
Narration from Sad ibn Abi Waqas
It was narrated by al-Bazzar in “Mosnad”, by al-Qateyi in “Fadhail sahaba” (#1078), ibn Hajar in “Matalibul aliya” (#4037, 4039), Ajurri in “Shariah” (#1499), Abu Yala “Musnad” (#770), “Musnad li Shashe” via chain: Qanan ibn Abdullah from Musab ibn Sad from Sad ibn Abi Waqas. Al-Bazzar said: “This hadith isn’t known to be narrated from Sad except from this chain and in this form”. But there is other way from Sad, it present in “Zawaidul Musnad al-Harith” by al-Heythami (#983), “Musnad al-Harith”, and quoted by ibn Hajar in “Matatibul aliya” (#4039), it runs via: Qanan ibn Abdullah from Zirr ibn Hubaysh from Sad.
Both of chains contains Qanan ibn Abdullah. Ibn Maeen said he was thiqat, Nasai said he’s not strong (“Mizanul itidal”3/392/#6904, “Duafa wal matruken” #498). Ibn Hajar said he’s maqbool in “Taqrib”. Ibn Hibban included him in “Thiqat” (#10368). Al-Aqele (or Uqayli) included him in “Duafa al-Kaber” (3/488/#1549), and ibn Adi included him in “Kamil fi duafa” (6/52/#1594).
Narration from Amr ibn Shath.
Bukhari narrated in “Tareeh al-Kabeer” (6/306), ibn Abd al-Barr in “Istiab”, Hakeem in “Mostadrak” (#4619), it present in “Fadhail sahaba”(#981), Ajurri in “Shariah” (#1493), and it also in “Musnad Rayane” via chain: Muhammad ibn Iskhaq from Abban ibn Saleh from al-Fadl ibn Maqil from Abdullah ibn Niyar from Amr ibn Shath.
Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Yasar, very controversial person. Scholars differed in him a lot. First of all he was known for tadlis, and he reported this hadith in /anana/ form, it’s mean without making clear that he heard it himself. Sheikh Shuaib al-Arnawut noticed that if he didn’t use term which is clear that he heard report himself, in accordance to agreement such ahadeth would be consider as weak. (See Anbiya Yildirim “Hadis ve zihinlerdeki sorular” p 275)
Only in “Isabah” it’s written that he narrated it by saying “narrated to me”.
Ahmad ibn Hanbal said he was hasan al-hadith. Ibn Maeen said he was thiqat, but not a hujja (proof). Ali ibn Madene said that his ahadeth saheeh in his view. Nasai and others said he’s not strong. Daraqutni said that he’s not to be rely on. Yahya ibn Kathir and others said that they heard Shubah said: “Ibn Iskhaq commander of faithful in al-hadith”. And (it was also narrated) that Shubah said that he’s saduq. Abu Dawud said: “Qadare motathele”. Sulaiman at-Tayme said: “Liar”. Same was reported from Hisham ibn Urwah, and Malik also accused him (“Mizanul itidal” 3/468/#7197).
In the chain of this hadith also such narrator like al-Fadl ibn Maqil ibn Sinan. Ibn Abu Hatim mentioned him in “Jarh wa tadel” (7/67/#379) without mentioning any praise or critic.
Beyhaki in “Dalail” narrated it via similar chain, but there Abban narrated directly from Abdullah, without al-Mufadhal between them.
Tabare in “al-Muntahab” narrated it via chain that differ from this one, it runs like this: Muhammad ibn Iskhaq from Abban ibn Saleh which said: “I was along with Isa ibn al-Fadl ibn Maqil ibn Sinan al-Ashjae, which said: narrated to me Abu Burdah ibn Niyar Makriz al-Aslami from his uncle Amr ibn Shath.
Ibn Abi Hatim mentioned this Isa in his “Jarh wa tadel” (6/284/#1576) without any opinion regarding his reliability. Ibn Hibban included him in “Thiqat” (#9830).
Ibn Hibban narrated this hadith in “Saheeh” (“Saheeh ibn Hibban bi tartib ibn Balban #6923) with dropped narrator, chain runs: Narrated to me al-Hasan ibn Sufyan, which said: narrated to me Abu Bakr, which said: narrated to me Malik ibn Ismayil, which said: narrated to me Masood ibn Sad, which said: narrated to me Muhammad ibn Iskhaq from al-Fadl ibn Maqil from Abdullah ibn Niyar al-Aslame from Amr ibn Shath. Shaykh Shuayb Arnawut said: Chain is weak.
Ahmad narrated this in “Musnad” (#16002) via chain: Abdullah, which said: narrated to me my father, which said: narrated to me Yaqub ibn Ibrahim, which said: narrated to me my father, which said: narrated to me Muhammad ibn Iskhaq from Abban ibn Slih from al-Fadl ibn Abdullah ibn Maqil ibn Yasar from Abdullah ibn Niyar al-Aslame from Amr ibn Shath al-Aslame. Shaykh Shuayb Arnawut said: Chain is weak.
Ibn Abu Shayba (“Mosannaf” #32108) narrated it with chain that differs from all above, it runs: Muhammad ibn Iskhaq from al-Fadl ibn Maqil from Abdullah ibn Maqil from Abdullah ibn Niyar from Amr ibn Shath.
Ibn Kathir in “al-Bidaya” (7/383) quoted it from other chain: Mosa ibn Umeyr from Aqil ibn Najat ibn Khubeyrat from Amr ibn Shath.
Mosa ibn Umeyr, if that’s al-Qurashe al-Amme, he’s abandoned, if that’s at-Tameme al-Anbare he was thiqat. And no one mentioned this Aqil (Albani “Silsila as-saheeha” #2295).
Narration from Jabir.
Ibn Asakir narrated it in his history from Jabir via chain: Ismayil ibn Bahram al-Koofe, which said: narrated to me Muhammad ibn Jafar from his father, from grandfather from Jabir.
Ismayil, that’s shaykh of ibn Majah, narrator-saduq. But Muhammad, that’s son of Jafar as-Sadiq, and this Muhammad was criticized (“Mizanul itidal” 3/499/#7310).
Narration from Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyah.
Belaruzi narrated it in mursal form from ibn al-Hanafiya in “Ansabul ashraf”. In the chain Salim ibn Abu Jad. He was tabein and thiqat, but well known for his tadlis, and he narrated it from ibn al-Hanafiya in /anana/ form. Other problem of this chain is Yazeed ibn Abu Ziyad al-Kofe, ibn Maeen said he’s not strong, and shouldn’t be rely on (“Mizanul itidal” 4/423/#9695). And next problem is Yunus ibn Arqam, ibn Khirash said he’s soft (“Mizanul itidal” 4/477/#9898). Also it worth to mention that memory of Belaruzi himself is a matter of question.
Shaykh Albani authenticated hadith, by taking into consideration all ways of transmission.
And Allah knows best.