Hadeeth: “”The nation will turn treacherous to you; you shall live adhering to my nation and will fight for my sunnah; whoever loves you loves me too and whoever hates you hates me too and this (`Ali’s beard) will be drenched with blood from this (`Ali’s head).” (Murajiat Letter 48, hadith #38).
Hakim narrated it in “Mustadrak” (#4686) without full chain, directly from Hayan Al-Asde from Ali. It’s impossible to check it. I found part of this hadith along with chain in “Kamil fi duafa” (5/194). It was narrated by Ali ibn Nazaar – Ziyad ibn Abu Ziyad al-Asde – Hayan – Ali: “You would live upon my nation, and will fight for my sunnah; whoever loves you loves me too and whoever hates you hates me too”. In the chain Ali ibn Nazaar. Ibn Maeen said that his ahadeth are nothing. Azdi said he’s extremely weak (“Mizanul itidal” 3/159/#5957).
Part of this hadith was narrated in separate form. There are 3 ways of transmission for words “The nation will turn treacherous to you”. And they are weak. (“Silsila ad-daeefa” 4905).
Way of transmission #1.
It was narrated by al-Hakim ibn Jubayr from Ibrahim an-Nakhai from Alqama from Ali. Ibn Jawzi in “Ilal al-mutahaniya” (1/244/#390) said: “Daraqutni said: “Hakim ibn Jubayr stated alone in narrating this from an-Nakhai. Ahmad said: Hakim is daeef al-hadith. As-Saade said he’s liar”.
Way of transmission #2.
It was also narrated by al-Hakim in “Mostadrak” (#4676), Hatib in “Tareeh” (11/216) and Harith in “Musnad” (as it quoted ibn Hajar in “Matalibul aliya”) via chain: Hashim from Ismail ibn Salim from Abu Idris al-Awde from Ali.
Analyses: 1) Hashim, that’s Hashim ibn Basheer, thiqat but known for tadlis (“Mizanul itidal” 4/306/#9250), and this hadith he transmitted in /muanan/ form, without making clear that he heard it himself.
2) Abu Idris al-Awde. Bukhari in “Kunya” (p 5/#26) said that this Abu Idris seen ibn Zubayr, and from him narrated Abu Maslamat. I couldn’t find sufficient information regarding this narrator. But then I checked bio of next narrator after him, Ismail ibn Salim, in “Tahzib al-kamal”. Between his shuyukh, imam Mizzi mentioned Yazid ibn Abdurrahman, Abu Idris al-Awde. Ibn Hajar in “Taqrib” (#7746) said he’s maqbool. In “Tahzib at-tahzib” (11/302) it’s written that ibn Hibban included him in “Thiqat”, and Ijli also authenticated him. However both of them known for lenience in taskhih of unknown narrators. That narrator is most likely unknown. Allah knows best.
Way of transmission #3.
Uqayli in “Duafa al-kabir” (4/8/#1561) narrated it via chain: Kamil Abul Ala from Hubayb ibn Abu Thabit from Thalaba ibn Yazeed al-Hamani from Ali.
Kamil Abul Ala was weak. Ibn Maeen said he’s thiqat, Nasai said: Not strong. Ibn Hibban said: “He was from those people who corrupted chains, and raised mursal reports, and didn’t understand than themselves” (“Mizanul itidal” 3/400/#6929).
Hubayb ibn Abu Thabit was upright narrator, but known for tadlis, and he narrated this hadith in /muanan/ form.
Thalaba ibn Yazeed was under question, and he’s not for people who should be rely on (Bukhari “Tareeh al-kabir” 2/174/#2103). He was extreme shia, Nasai said he’s thiqat (“Mizanul itidal” 1/371/#1391).
Bazzar in his “Mosnad” (#869, shamela) narrated it via chain: Ali ibn Qadam – Sherik – Ajlah – Hubayb ibn Abu Tabit – Thalaba ibn Yazeed.
Ali ibn Qadam was extreme shia and weak. Yahya said he’s weak. Ibn Sad said: “Munkar al-hadith” (“Mizanul itidal” 3/150/#5909) .
Sherik ibn Abdullah upright narrator, with extremely bad memory.
Ajlah ibn Abdullah was shia, saduq ishAllah. Abu Hatim said he’s not strong. Nasai said he’s weak (“Mizanul itidal” 1/78/#274).
Abu Nuaym in “Dalail” narrated it via two chains, but both them ending with link: Hubayb ibn Abu Thabit from Thalaba.