Refuting doubt regarding mubahila.


Salam alaikum.

The story of mubahila is well known.

Allah Taala said in the Quran:

فَمَنْ حَاجَّكَ فِيهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَنِسَاءَنَا وَنِسَاءَكُمْ وَأَنْفُسَنَا وَأَنْفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَلْ لَعْنَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِينَ

[Pickthal 3:61] And whoso disputeth with thee concerning him, after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, say (unto him): Come! We will summon our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, then we will pray humbly (to our Lord) and (solemnly) invoke the curse of Allah upon those who lie.

It’s well known that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) took for this mubahila: Fatima (as woman – his daughter), her two sons (as his progeny – sons) and Ali (may Allah be pleased with all of them).

Shias talks a lot about this incident, their commentators usually says: From this verse we can see that Ali was equal to prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam). Because he was called here nafse rasulullah.

We’d like to present to them other verse of Quran.

Taala Said:

لَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ {128}

[Pickthal 9:128] There has come unto you a messenger, (one) of yourselves, unto whom aught that ye are overburdened is grievous, full of concern for you, for the believers full of pity, merciful.

Here we can see Allah said: Laqad Jā’akum Rasūlun Min ‘Anfusikum `Azīzun `Alayhi Mā `Anittum Ĥarīşun `Alaykum Bil-Mu’uminīna Ra’ūfun Raĥīmun.

So in the verse of mubahila written:  Nad`u ‘Abnā’anā Wa ‘Abnā’akumWa Nisā’anā Wa Nisā’akum Wa ‘Anfusanā Wa ‘Anfusakum.

And shias believe that it’s a proof that Ali was nafse Rasulullah (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam). What prevents them in this case to say that in accordance to verse (9:128) prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) was from nafse companions?!! Because obviously Allah addressed to arabs (companions and all others) by His saying: Laqad Jā’akum Rasūlun Min ‘Anfusikum (here has come unto you a messenger, (one) of yourselves).