Marriages of Hasan ibn Ali (radi Allahu anhum)


Salam alaikum.

Shias talked a lot regarding this part of history, and they accused some islamic scholars in nasb or ignorance, when they mentioned this in their books and works.

First we would start with shia texts.

Kulayni narrated in “Kafi” (5/56) via his own chain, and MAJLISI SAID IT’S MUWATHAQ.

حُمَيْدُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَمَاعَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زِيَادِ بْنِ عِيسَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سِنَانٍ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ عَلِيّاً قَالَ وَ هُوَ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ لَا تُزَوِّجُوا الْحَسَنَ فَإِنَّهُ رَجُلٌ مِطْلَاقٌ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ هَمْدَانَ فَقَالَ بَلَى وَ اللَّهِ لَنُزَوِّجَنَّهُ وَ هُوَ ابْنُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ ابْنُ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ( عليه السلام ) فَإِنْ شَاءَ أَمْسَكَ وَ إِنْ شَاءَ طَلَّقَ .

From Abu Abdullah (alaihi salam) which said: Ali (alaihi salam) said, and he was on the minbar: do not give in marriage, your daughters to Hasan for he divorces very soon.’ a man from the hamdân clan said: ‘by Allâh, we shall give our daughters to him in marriage. those he likes, let him keep; and those he dislikes, divorce.

And he narrated in the same place:

عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ بَزِيعٍ عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي الْعَلَاءِ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ( عليه السلام ) قَالَ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَ بْنَ عَلِيٍّ ( عليه السلام ) طَلَّقَ خَمْسِينَ امْرَأَةً فَقَامَ عَلِيٌّ ( عليه السلام ) بِالْكُوفَةِ فَقَالَ يَا مَعَاشِرَ أَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ لَا تُنْكِحُوا الْحَسَنَ فَإِنَّهُ رَجُلٌ مِطْلَاقٌ فَقَامَ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ بَلَى وَ اللَّهِ لَنُنْكِحَنَّهُ فَإِنَّهُ ابْنُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) وَ ابْنُ فَاطِمَةَ ( عليها السلام ) فَإِنْ أَعْجَبَتْهُ أَمْسَكَ وَ إِنْ كَرِهَ طَلَّقَ .

From Abu Abdullah (alaihi salam): Hasan ibn Ali (alaihi salam) divorced 50 women, and Ali (alaihi salam) stand in Kufa and said…. (something similar to previous hadith).

Majlisi said hadith is majhool. However first hadith from main shia book on ahadeth is enough for us.

Suyuti in his “Tareeh al-khulafa” said:

وأخرج ابن سعد عن جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه قال: قال علي يا أهل الكوفة لا تزوجوا الحسن فإنه رجل مطلاق فقال رجل من همدان والله لنزوجنه فما رضي أمسك وما كره طلق.

1) Ibn Sa`ad reports from Ja`afar ibn Muhammad from his father, said he: `Ali said : ‘o the people of kûfâ; do not give in marriage, your daughters to Hasan for he divorces very soon.’ a man from the hamdân clan said: ‘by Allâh, we shall give our daughters to him in marriage. those he likes, let him keep; and those he dislikes, divorce.’

وأخرج ابن سعد عن عبد الله بن حسن قال: كان حسن رجلا كثير نكاح النساء وكن قلماً يحظين عنده وكان قل امرأة تزوجها إلا أحبته وصبت إليه.

2) Ibn Sa`ad reports from `AbdAllâh ibn Hasan, said he: ‘Hasan married many women. not many women dwelt with him for long. yet, none of the women he married [and divorced] loved him any less.

وأخرج ابن سعد عن علي بن الحسين: قال كان الحسن مطلاقاً للنساء وكان لا يفارق امرأة إلا وهي تحبه وأحصن تسعين امرأة.

3) Ibn Sa`ad reports from `Ali ibn al-Husayn, said he: Hasan would divorce his wives after a short marriage. inspite of that, the women kept loving him even after divorce. He married ninety women.

وأخرج ابن سعد عن جعفر بن محمد عن أبيه قال: كان الحسن يتزوج ويطلق حتى خشيت أن يورثنا عداوة في القبائل.

4) Ibn Sa`ad reports from Ja`afar ibn Muhammad from his father, said he: Hasan would marry and divorce soon after. i feared that this would harbor enmity amongst the clans.

First report was narrated by ibn Abi Shaiba in “Musannaf”, without mention man from hamadan.

19195 – حدثنا أبو بكر قال نا حاتم بن إسماعيل عن جعفر عن أبيه قال قال علي يا أهل العراق أو يا أهل الكوفة لا تزوجوا حسنا فإنه رجل مطلاق

As far as I see chain contains only upright narrators. Abu Bakr, that ibn Abu Shaiba himself. Hatam ibn Ismail was thiqat, Nasai said he’s not strong, but that words of Nasai doesn’t shows his great weakness, as I was explained recently. However Muhammad ibn Ali didn’t met Ali ibn Abu Talib. So we can say that chain contains upright narrators till Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Hussain.

Report #4 was also narrated by ibn Abu Shaiba.

19196 – حدثنا أبو بكر قال نا حاتم عن جعفر عن ابيه قال قال علي ما زال الحسن يتزوج ويطلق حتى حسبت أن يكون عداوة في القبائل

My humble verdict same, chain contains upright narrators. And this report end upon Ali, obviously not ibn Hussain, but ibn Abu Talib. Just al-Baqir narrates from him. Muhammad ibn Ali didn’t met Ali ibn Abu Talib. So we can say that chain contains upright narrators till Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Hussain.

It was narrated by ibn Abu Shaiba in “Musannaf” (16396), Tabarani in “al-Kabir”, Ibn Asakir in history, Abu Nuaym in “Hilliyah”, Thalabi in “Kashful bayan”, Haraiti in “Makarimul ahlaq” from Muhammad ibn Sirin (arabic text from Hilliya 2/38):

حدثنا سليمان بن أحمد ثنا الحسين بن إسحاق ثنا عثمان بن أبي شيبة ثنا عبد الأعلى هشام بن حسان عن ابن سيرين قال تزوج الحسن بن علي إمرأة فأرسل إليها بمائة جارية مع كل جارية ألف درهم

that he said: al-Hasan married woman, and send to her 100 slave-girls, and with each of them 1000 dirhams.

al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (7503) said: narrated Tabarani and narrators are people of saheeh.

That’s mean he send 100 000 dirhams in one marriage. So don’t be deceive by shia propaganda that aimma were poor people.