Shaykh Allama Mari ibn Yusuf al-Karmi al-Maqdisi (d 1022) in his book “Fawaid al-Majmua fil Ahadeth al-Mawduah” (Darul Waraq) at page 81 said:
– ومنها الآثار التي يذكر فيها أن رأس الحسين حمل إلى الشام ووضع بين يدي يزيد
وإنما حمل رأسه الشريف إلى قدام عبيد الله بن زياد بالكوفة
هذا هو الذي رواه البخاري في صحيحه وغيره من الأئمة
Number 27 – And from them (fabricated stories) reports which mention that head of Husayn was taken to Syria and put in front of Yazeed.
(In reality) It his honourable head was taken to the foots of Ubeydullah ibn Ziyad in Kufah. This what was narrated by Bukhari in his Saheeh and by other than him from Imams.
And further he said:
قال ابن تيمية وأما حمله إلى الشام إلى يزيد فقد روي من وجوه منقطعة لم يثبت شيء منها بل في الروايات ما يدل على أنها من الكذب المختلق
And ibn Taymiyyah said: As for its taking to Syria to Yazeed, it was reported by disconnected chain and nothing established from it, contrary to this in reports proofs that this story is from fabricated lies.
And then he again quoted shaykhul Islaam saying:
قال وأما حمل الرأس إلى مصر فباطل باتفاق الناس وقد اتفق العلماء كلهم على أن مشهد القاهرة ليس فيه رأس الحسين ولا شيء منه وإنما افتعل هذا المشهد في أواخر دولة الفاطميين لاستجلاب
قلوب العامة بناه طلائع بن رزيك الرافضي
As for (reports) that head was taken to Egypt it is false by agreement of people and all scholars agreed that Mashhad of Cairo doesn’t contain head of Husayn and noting from it, and this Mashhad was originated in the last period of al-Fatimiyid state to attract hearts of ordinary people by Talaa ibn Razik ar-Rafidi
And then Mari al-Karmi said:
قال الزبير بن بكار إن الرأس حمل إلى المدينة المنورة ودفن هناك وقال الحافظ أبو الخطاب بن دحية لما ذكر ما ذكره الزبير بن بكار إن الرأس حمل إلى المدينة فلم يصح سواه والزبير أعلم أهل النسب وأفضل العلماء بهذا السبب
az-Zubayr ibn Bakar said that head was carried to Madinah al-Munawarra and buried there. al-Hafidh Abul Khattab ibn Dihya said what mentioned az-Zubayr ibn Bakkar that head was taken to Madinah and (mentioned that) nothing apart this is not true. And az-Zubayr most well versed in science of genealogy and best from scholars due to this reason.
Praise be to Allaah.
Al-Husayn (may Allaah be pleased with him) was killed in Iraq, in Muharram, 61 AH. His body was buried in Iraq. As far as the claim that his head was taken to Egypt and buried there is concerned, I know of no basis for that. This was denied by some of the scholars. The fact that you do not know about that does not matter. What is prescribed for you and for other Muslims is simply to pray that Allaah will be pleased with him – and with all the other Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). May Allaah be pleased with them all.
And Allaah is the source of strength. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions, and grant them peace.