Hadith about hate and love of Ali and Ansar, explained.


Explanation taken from ibn Hajar – “Tahzib at-Tahzib” , Darul Fikr, (8/410):

Ibn Hajar said:

ثم ظهر لي في الجواب عن ذلك أن البغض ها هنا مقيد بسبب وهو كونه نصر النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم لأن من الطبع البشري بغض من وقعت منه إساءة في حق المبغض والحب بعكسه وذلك ما يرجع إلى أمور الدنيا غالبا والخبر في حب علي وبغضه ليس على العموم فقد أحبه من أفرط فيه حتى ادعى أنه نبي أو أنه إله تعالى الله عن إفكهم والذي ورد في حق علي من ذلك قد ورد مثله في حق الأنصار وأجاب عنه العلماء أن بغضهم لأجل النصر كان ذلك علامة نفاقه وبالعكس فكذا يقال في حق علي وأيضا فأكثر من يوصف بالنصب يكون مشهورا بصدق اللهجة والتمسك بأمور الديانة بخلاف من يوصف بالرفض فإن غالبهم كاذب ولا يتورع في الإخبار والأصل فيه أن الناصبة اعتقدوا أن عليا رضي الله عنه قتل عثمان أو كان أعان عليه فكان بغضهم له ديانة بزعمهم ثم انضاف إلى ذلك أن منهم من قتلت أقاربه في حروب علي

Then it appeared to me that the answer is that hatred is tied with a reason and that it is his support of the prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa alihi wa sallam), because the human nature is that hatred is directed towards he who wronged the one who hates, and love is the opposite and this matter is because of worldly issues. As for the narration about loving ‘Ali then it is not to be taken in general because some loved him to the extent of making him a prophet or a god, this same Hadith was also directed towards al-Ansars but the scholars have replied that it is tied to hating them because of their support of the prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa alihi wa sallam) and the same applies to ‘Ali and we see that most of those accused of Nasb are famous for their honesty and they are attached to the religion as opposed to those who are accused of Rafd because most of them are liars who fabricate stories. The origin of the Nawasib is that they believed that ‘Ali killed ‘Uthman or helped in this so they claimed that his hatred was like worship, add to it that some of them had their relatives killed in the wars with ‘Ali.