I was browsing the site of maloon Yasir al-Habis, and seen him using the report from Tareeh at-Tabari in his attempt to proof that Abu Bakr wasn’t the first one who accepted Islam, or at least amongst the first.
First of all this maloon rafidi said:
وأن أبا بكر لم يسلم إلا متأخرا قبل الهجرة بقليل
Abu Bakr didn’t accept Islam except (in the) late (time) close before hijra.
Let us see evidence of this cursed rafidi in his this claim!
ما رواه الطبري عن محمد بن سعد بن أبي وقاص قال: “قلت لأبي: أكان أبو بكر أولكم إسلاما؟ فقال: لا.. ولقد أسلم قبله أكثر من خمسين”!
What was narrated by Tabari from Muhammad ibn Sad ibn Abu Waqqas that he said to his father: Did Abu Bakr accepted Islam first from you? And he answered: No….. Before him more than 50 people accepted Islam.
When you would check the Tabari, you would see:
1) This maloon Yasir omitted part of this report.
Report is this:
حدثنا ابن حميد، قال: حدثنا كنانة بن جبلة، عن إبراهيم بن طهمان، عن الحجاج بن الحجاج، عن قتادة، عن سالم بن أبي الجعد، عن محمد بن سعد، قال: قلت لأبي: أكان أبو بكر أولكم إسلاماً ؟ فقال: لا، ولقد أسلم قبله أكثر من خمسين؛ ولكن كان أفضلنا إسلاماً.
Narrated to us ibn Khumayd: narrated to us Kinanat ibn Jibalat: from Ibrahim ibn Tahman from al-Hajjaj ibn al-Hajjaj from Qatadah from Salim ibn Abu Jad from Muhammad ibn Sad, which said: I said to my father: Did Abu Bakr accepted Islam first amongst you? He said: No, before him Islam was accepted by more than 50 people, BUT HIS ISLAM WAS BEST FROM US.
2) This report is weak, not authentic. In the chain several serious problems:
a) Kinana ibn Jibalat. Yahya ibn Maeen accused him in lie. as-Saade said he was extremely weak. (see Mizanul itidal 3/415)
b) Qatadah was famous thiqat, but known for his tadlis, as it was pointed by ibn Hajar in “Taaref ahlal Taqdis” (p 43). And this report he transmitted in muanan form, without making clear if he heard it himself or not.
c) Salim ibn Abu Jad was thiqat, but also known for tadlis and irsal. (see Mizanul itidal 2/109). And he also transmitted this report in muanan form, without making clear if he heard it himself or not.
Then al-Habis said that Abu Bakr accepted Islam after meraj and israh and he quoted book of Tabarani and al-Heythami. I checked mentioned place in “Majmau zawaid” of al-Heythami (Darul Kutub al-Ilmiyah), but didn’t find such info here.
I came across to report in Durr al-Mansur of Suyuti (4/158):
وأخرج الطبراني عن أم هانئ رضي الله عنها قالت قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لما أسرى به انى أريد ان أخرج إلى قريش فأخبرهم فكذبوه وصدقه أبو بكر الصديق رضي الله عنه فسمى يومئذ الصديق
Narrated Tabarani from Umm Hani, that prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) said that when he performed Israh, he wanted to go out to Quraish to tell them this, and they accused him in lie, and Abu Bakr as-Siddiq testified him, and he was called from that day – as-Siddiq.
Apparently al-Habis was referring to this report, when he said that Abu Bakr believed shortly after Israh!
Al-Mubarakfuri in “Raheeq al-Makhtum” wrote that after Israh:
The disbelievers, however, found it a suitable opportunity to jeer at the Muslims and their creed. They pestered the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) with questions as to the description of the Mosque at Jerusalem, where he had never gone before and, to the astonishment of many, the Prophet’s replies furnished the most accurate information about that city. He supplied them with all the news about their caravans and the routes of their camels. However, all this increased in them nothing but flight from the Truth, and they accepted nothing but disbelief.
For the true Muslims, however there was nothing unusual about the Night Journey. The All-Mighty Allâh, Who is Powerful enough to have created the heavens and the earth by an act of His Will, is surely Powerful enough to take His Messenger beyond the heavens and show him those signs of His at firsthand which are inaccessible to man otherwise. The disbelievers on their part went to see Abu Bakr on account of this event, and he readily said: “Yes, I do verify it.” It was on this occasion that he earned the title of As-Siddiq (the verifier of the truth). [Ibn Hisham 1/399]
So for the reference to Yasir al-Habis and other idiots, this doesn’t mean that Abu Bakr didn’t believe in Islam before this! This mean that he was Muslim, and when mushriks – forefathers of al-Habis – wanted to put him in the trouble and doubt by informing him about Isra and Meraj, he immediately said that he also believe in this!
Then al-Habis quoted report from Aisha (r.a), where she said: My father is 4 from 4 which accepted Islam.
I found this in mentioned book “al-Awail” of al-Askari at page 138. But, in the footnote is indication that in other version it was written that she said: My father is second from the two where third was Allah.
Al-Askari mentioned this report from the way: Zakariya ibn Yahya at-Tai – Abu Bakr – Humayd ibn Munhab (in printed version, and Hammad ibn Munabih in shamela).
Zakariyah ibn Yahya was praised by ibn Hibban and Hateeb, but Daraqutni said he was not strong, and mentioned that he narrated manakeer (odd, rejected reports). (see Mizanul itidal 2/79).
In the bio of this Zakariyah in “Tahzib al-Kamal” I found one person with kunya Abu Bakr amongst his shuyukh. And that was ibn Abi Ayash.
This ibn Abi Ayash was salih, but known for his errors in ahadeth. Ibn Numayr said: No one from my shuyukh erred in ahadeth more than ibn Abi Ayash. (see Mizanul itidal 4/499)
As for Humaid, first of all it is not correct that he was companion, as said Dhahabi in “Tajrid” (1/141).
Al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (6/23) said he doesn’t know this Humayd.
THIS IS SCREEN SHOT OF ANSWER FROM SITE OF AL-HABIS