Shaykh of shias Musawi al-Isfahani in his book “Mikyal al-Makarim fee fawaaid ad-duaa lil Qaaim” (1/105=>) narrated under the heading “Quranic Teachings collected by Amirul Momineen”:
In Biharul Anwar it is quoted from Nomani from Amirul Momineen Ali (a) that he said: “As if I can see our Shias in the Kufa Masjid, in tents pitched over there, teaching the people Quran in the same sequence as it was revealed.”
It is also related from His Eminence that he said: “As if I can see non-Arabs in their tents in the Kufa Masjid teaching people the Quran in the same sequence as it was revealed.”
Asbagh bin Nubatah says: I asked: Was it not revealed like this?
The Imam replied, “No, names and father’s names of seventy people are erased from the Quran. And they left the name of Abu Lahab only that it may be a rebuke to the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) since he was the Prophet’s uncle.”
And it is narrated from His Eminence, Abi Abdullah Sadiq (a) that he said: “As if I can see the Shias holding the Mathani (Quran) and teaching the people.”
Irshad al-Qulub of Dailami says that His Eminence, Abu Ja’far Baqir (a) is reported to have stated: “When our Qaim rises up, tents will be pitched for those who would like to learn the Quran just as it had been revealed by Allah, the Mighty, the Sublime. Thus the most difficult matter will be for those who have learnt it by heart. Because this compilation is different.”
In Kafi it is reported from Salim bin Abi Salma that he said: “I heard a man read out a portion of Quran to His Eminence, Abi Abdullah Sadiq (a) in way that was absolutely different from the manner it is recited. So His Eminence, Abu Abdullah (a) told him not to recite it like that. He urged him to read it in the usual way that people generally read till the reappearance of the Qaim (aj). Thus when His Eminence, Qaim reappears he will recite the Book of Allah according to its rules and he will bring out a copy of Quran inscribed by Ali (a). Then he said: “When Ali (a) completed writing it and became free after its compilation he took it out to the people saying: “This is the Book of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime as Allah revealed it upon His Eminence, Muhammad. Indeed, I have compiled it from two tablets.” The people said: “We have a compiled copy with us and we do not need this (your) copy.” He said: “By Allah, after this day, you will not see it ever. It was only incumbent on me to inform you after I have compiled it, so that you may read it.”
It is mentioned in Ihtijaaj that: “When the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) passed away, Ali (a) collected the Quran and took it to the Muhajireen and Ansar (Emigrants and Helpers), because the Holy Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) had willed him about it: Thus when Abu Bakr opened it; on the first page he had opened, the disgrace of the community was obvious. Umar was shocked and he said: ‘O Ali, take it back as we have no need of it.’ So His Eminence, Ali (a) took it and went away. Then they summoned Zaid bin Thabit who was a Qari (reciter) of Quran and Umar said to him: ‘Ali brought the Quran he has written but it contained disgrace of the Muhajireen and Ansar. In our opinion we should compile the Quran omitting the criticism of the Muhajireen and Ansar.’ Zaid agreed to it but said: ‘If I were to compile the Quran as per your directions and later on Ali publicizes his version, would your labors not be wasted?’
Umar said: ‘There is no other option except to kill him and rid ourselves.’ So they hatched a plot to kill His Eminence at the hands of Khalid bin Walid but the plot failed. And when Umar became the caliph, he ordered Ali (a) to bring his Quran so that they may alter it between them. He told His Eminence: ‘O Abal Hasan! The Quran that you brought to Abu Bakr was very good. Now bring it again to us so that we may have a consensus upon it.’
Ali (a) said: ‘Alas, that is not possible! At that time I had brought it to you to exhaust the argument on you. So that on the Day of Judgment you cannot complain that you were ignorant of it. And you cannot blame me for not showing it to you. Indeed, the Quran that is with me cannot reach the possession of anyone except the pure ones and the successors from my descendants.’
Umar said: ‘Is there a fixed time of the publication of this Quran?’ Imam replied, ‘Rather it is at the time of the reappearance of the Qaim from our Progeny. He will bring it out. And he will make the people follow it, thus he will apply Sunnah on it.’”
I say: It is possible that the secret of naming His Eminence, Qaim (aj) asQuran-e-Azeem (The Great Quran) is the same that he will command by the Quran and urge people to read it and act according to it, and that he is the expression of the Quran and the one who will make it popular. In Tafseer al-Burhan it is narrated from Hissan Amiri that he said: I asked His Eminence, Abu Ja’far Baqir (a) regarding the verse:“And certainly We have given you seven of the oft-repeated (verses) and the grand Quran.”
He replied: It was not revealed like this. It is as follows:
And certainly We have given you the seven oft-repeated (verses) and the grand Quran.
We are those and the Quran-e-Azeem is the son of the son.”