Sadratdin Shirazi: Companions spoke truth about prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa sallam)


as-Salam Alaikum.

Kulayni narrated in his Kafi interesting hadith that we have shared at our blog before:

“al-Kafi” (1/65), and Majlisi said it’s hasan (good):

3 – علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي نجران، عن عاصم بن حميد، عن منصور بن حازم قال: قلت لابي عبدالله عليه السلام: ما بالي أسألك عن المسألة فتجيبني فيها بالجواب، ثم يجيئك غيري فتجيبه فيها بجواب آخر؟ فقال: إنا نجيب الناس على الزيادة والنقصان، قال: قلت: فأخبرني عن أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله صدقوا على محمد صلى الله عليه وآله أم كذبوا؟ قال: بل صدقوا، قال: قلت: فما بالهم اختلفوا؟ فقال: أما تعلم أن الرجل كان يأتي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فيسأله عن المسألة فيجيبه فيها بالجواب ثم يجيبه بعد ذلك ما ينسخ ذلك الجواب، فنسخت الاحاديث بعضها بعضا.

Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn Abi Najran from ‘Asim ibn Humayd from Mansur ibn Hazim who has said:”I said to (Imam) abu ‘Abdallah (alaihi salam), ‘It is confuses me that when I ask you a question and you give an answer and then other person comes and you give a different answer for the same question.’” The Imam replied, “We answer people in a larger and reduced forms.” I then asked, “Did the Sahabah, companions of the holy Prophet speak the truth or lies when narrating his Hadith?” The Imam replied, “They spoke the truth.” I then said, “Why then they have differences?” Have you not considered the fact that a man would come to the holy Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ali) and ask a question and would give him an answer and then he would answer that would abrogate the previous answer. Thus, Ahadith abrogated other Ahadith.”

This hadith in itself so not suitable for shias that some their scholars changed it in their own books.

Now, I want to present to dear readers commentary from shia scholar Sadratdin Muhammad ibn Ibrahim Shirazi, known like Mulla Sadra.

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In Sharhul Usool al-Kafi (2/362 Tahran; 2/549 Beirut) Shirazi in the commentary of this hadith said:

بان اختلافهم ليس لكذبهم على رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله بل لدخول الشبهة عليهم لأجل عدم تمييز بعضهم بين ناسخ الحديث ومنسوخه.

They (companions) differed with each other NOT BECAUSE THEY LIED UPON PROPHET sallalahu alaihi wa alihi, but because they fall in doubt due to some of them didn’t differ between abrogated hadith and abrogating hadith.