Who are the Rafidah?


In The Name Of Allah

All Praise Is Due To Allah (Subhanahu Wa’ Ta’alaa), Inshallah Let us look at the beginnings of this Deviated sect which arose in the early generations.

The word Raafidah means “rejectors”, the Rawaafidh have obtained their name by their rejection of Zayd ibn ‘Alee ibn al-Hussayn ibn Alee ibn Abee Taalib , the great grandson of ‘Alee Bin Abee Taalib (Radiyallahu Anhu).

Imaam adh-Dhahabee said in his Siyaar A’laam an-Nubalaa (5/390):

قال عيسى بن يونس جاءت الرافضة زيدا فقالوا تبرأ من أبي بكر وعمر حتى ننصرك قال بل أتولاهما قالوا إذا نرفضك فمن ثم قيل لهم الرافضة

(Eesaa bin Yoonus said: The Raafidah came to Zayd and said to him, “Free yourself from Abee Bakr and ‘Umar so that we can aid you” he said, “Rather I will give allegience to them” they said, “Then we reject you” so then it was said to them, “ar-Raafidah” (the rejectors)

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned in his Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (4/435):

قيل للإمام أحمد‏:‏ من الرافضي‏؟‏ قال‏:‏ الذي يسب أبا بكر وعمر‏.‏ وبهذا سميت الرافضة، فإنهم رفضوا زيد بن علي لما تولى الخليفتين أبا بكر وعمر، لبغضهم لهما، فالمبغض لهما هو الرافضي، وقيل‏:‏ إنما سموا رافضة لرفضهم أبا بكر وعمر

(It was said to Imaam Ahmad: “Who is the Raafidhee?” He said: “Those who insult Abaa Bakr and ‘Umar.And by this they were named the Raafidah, for they rejected Zayd bin ‘Alee when he gave allegiance to the two Khaleefah’s Abaa Bakr and ‘Umar, because of their hatred for them. And the one who hates them is the Raafidhee.” And they were named as the Raafidhah because of their rejection of Abaa Bakr and ‘Umar.)

He then said:
وأصل الرفض من المنافقين الزنادقة، فإنه ابتدعه ابن سبأ الزنديق

(And the foundation of rejection is from the hypocrites and the herectics, for they followed the innovation of the heretic Ibn Saba’)

He also said in volume 28 on page 483:

وقد ذكر أهل العلم أن مبدأ الرفض إنما كان من الزنديق عبد الله بن سبأ؛ فإنه أظهر الإسلام وأبطن اليهودية، وطلب أن يفسد الإسلام، كما فعل بولص النصرانى، الذى كان يهوديا فى إفساد دين النصارى

(And the people of knowledge have mentioned that the beginning of the Rafdh (rejection) is from the Heretic (Zindeeq) ‘Abdullaah bin Saba’. For he manifested Islaam and he hid his Judaism and he sought to cause corruption in Islaam just like Paul the Christian, the Jewish one who caused corruption in the religion of the Christians.)

So the foundation of the Raafidhee belief is found in this man, ‘Abdullaah bin Saba’.

Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalaanee said in his (Leesaanul Meezaan):

عبد الله بن سبا من غلاة الزنادقة ضال مضل

((‘Abdullaah bin Saba’ from the extremists of the heretics, deviated and deviates others))

Muhammad bin Sa’eed al-Asbahaanee said: “I heard Shareek Bin Abdillaah, Qaadhee of Koofaa saying: “Take knowledge from whoever you meet except the Raafidhah, for they fabricate hadeeth and take it as religion

And Aboo Zur’ah ar-Raazee said:

وقال أبو زرعة الرازي : ( إذا رأيت الرجل ينقص أحداً من أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فاعلم أنه
(If you find a man insulting any one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah then know that he is a Heretic (Zindeeq)

Allaah says in Surah Jaathiyyah:

محمد رسول الله والذين معه أشداء على الكفار رحماء بينهم تراهم ركعاً سجداً يبتغون فضلاً من الله و رضواناً سيماهم في وجوههم من أثر السجود ذلك مثلهم في التوراة و مثلهم في الإنجيل كزرع أخرج شطئه فآزره فاستغلظ فاستوى على سوقه يعجب الزراع ليغيظ بهم الكفار

(Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah and those with him are harsh with the disbelievers and gentle among themselves. So that the disbelievers may become enraged with them.)

Ibn Katheer said in his Tafseer (4/219):

ومن هذه الآية انتزع الإمام مالك رحمة الله عليه في رواية عنه بتكفير الروافض الذين يبغضون الصحابة رضي الله عنهم قال : لأنهم يغيظونهم ومن غاظ الصحابة رضي الله عنهم فهو كافر لهذه الآية ووافقه طائفة من العلماء رضي الله عنهم على ذلك

(And in this verse Imaam Maalik (رحمه الله) used as evidence for the Takfeer of the Rawaafidh, those who are enraged with the Sahaabah رضي الله عنهم. He said: “That is because they become enraged with them and whoever is enraged with the Sahaabah رضي الله عنهم then he is a Kaafir (disbeliever) due to this verse” and a group of the Ulemaa (scholars), may Allaah be pleased with them, agreed with him on that.)

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said in his book ’Minhaaj as-Sunnah an-Nabawiyyah’
“They free themselves from all of the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam), except a very small number that reaches ten odd…
When the origin and base of their madhhab rests upon ignorance, then they became the greatest of all the factions in ignorance and lying…
The people of knowledge are agreed, by way of transmittal, reporting, and chain of narration that the Raafidah are most lying of all of the factions, and lying amongst them is an ancient matter, and for this reason the Scholars of Islaam used to know that they are distinguished with abundant lying…
They say, “Our religion is taqiyyah (deception)”!! And this is that one of them says with his tongue what is other than what is in his heart, and this is lying and hypocrisy…
They are greatest of people in opposition to those in authority, and the furthest of the people from obeying them, except under compulsion…
What striving is more astray than the striving of the one who tires himself with a lengthy tiring, and indulges in much “al-qaal wal-qeel (i.e. hearsay)”, and separates from the Jamaa’ah of the Muslims, and curses the foremost (in goodness) and the successors after them, and aids the Disbelievers and Hypocrites, and devises many types of stratagems, plots, and traverses whatever paths are possible for him to traverse, and supports himself with false testimony, and who keeps his followers attached by the rope of deception”.

And ‘Abdul-Maalik bin Habeeb said:
من غلا من الشيعة في بغض عثمان والبراءة منه أُدب أدبا شديدا، ومن زاد إلى بغض أبي بكر وعمر فالعقوبة عليه أشد، ويكرر ضربه، ويطال سجنه، حتى يموت

(Whoever is in extremes from the Shee’ah in hating ‘Uthmaan and freeing himself from him then he should be punished with a severe punishment, and if he increases to hating Abee Bakr and ‘Umar then his punishment is harsher, and he should be beaten and his imprisonment increased until he dies)

Al-Khallaal also reported (2/557 – 558) that Imaam Ahmad said:

من شتم أخاف عليه الكفر مثل الروافض

(The one who reviles the Companions, I fear for him the disbelieve like that of the Rawaafidh))

Imaam as-Sam’aanee said in his Al-Insaab 6/341,

واجتمعت الأمة على تكفير الإمامية لأنهم يعتقدون تضليل الصحابة وينكرون إجماعهم وينسبونهم إلى ما لا يليق بهم

(And the Ummah has consensus on the takfeer of the Imaamiyyah (raafidah), because they believe that the Sahaabah deviated and they denounce their consensus and ascribe to them that which is not affirmed of them)

Imaam al-Bukhaaree said in his Khalq Af’aal al-’Ibaad 125,

ما أبالي صليت خلف الجهمي والرافضي ، أم صليت خلف اليهود والنصارى ولا يسلم عليهم ولا يعادون ولا يناكحون ولا يشهدون ولا تؤكل ذبائحهم

(I do not give any consideration to prayer behind the Jahmee and the Raafidhee, nor praying behind a Jew or Christian. They are not to be greeted, nor are they to be visited, nor are they to be married, nor is their testimony accepted, nor are their sacrificed meat to be eaten.)

Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah reported in his as-Saarim al-Maslool on page 570 that Ahmad bin Yoonus said:

لو أن يهودياً ذبح شاة ، وذبح رافضي لأكلت ذبيحة اليهودي ، ولم آكل ذبيحة الرافضي لأنه مرتد عن الإسلام

(If a Jew were to sacrifice a sheep and a Raafidhee was to sacrifice one, I would eat the sacrifice of the Jew, and I will not eat the sacrifice of the Raafidhee because they are apostates from Islaam)

Al-Bukhaaree reported in his Khalq Af’aal al-’Ibaad (125) from ibn Mahdee that he said,

هما ملتان الجهمية والرافضية

(They are two separate religions, the Jahmiyyah and the Raafidhiyyah)

Imaam al-Laalikaa’ee reported in his Usool al-I’tiqaad Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ah:

سمعت عبد الرحمن بن مهدي وسألته عن الصلاة خلف اصحاب الأهواء قال نعم لا يصلي خلف هؤلاء الصنفين الجهمية والروافض فإن الجهمية كفار بكتاب الله

(I heard from ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Mahdee and asked him about the Salaah behind the people of desire and he said: “Yes, do not pray behind those two group, the Jahmiyyah and the Rawaafidh, for the Jahmiyyah are disbelievers in the Book of Allaah)

Ibn Battah reported in his al-Ibaanah (Number 200) that al-Marwazee said,

That he had asked Aboo ‘Abdillaah Ahmad bin Hanbal about the one who reviles Aboo Bakr and ‘Umar and ‘Uthmaan and ‘Aa’ishah (رضي الله عنهم) and he said:

مَا أَرَاهُ عَلَى اَلْإِسْلَامِ

(I do not see them upon Islaam)

Imaam Ibn Hazm al-Andalusee said in his Fisal fee Milal wan Nihal (2/213):

وأما قولهم ( يعني النصارى ) في دعوى الروافض تبديل القرآن فإن الروافض ليسوا من المسلمين ، إنما هي فرقة حدث أولها بعد موت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بخمس وعشرين سنة .. وهي طائفة تجري مجرى اليهود والنصارى في الكذب والكفر

(And as for their statement (meaning the Christians) in the case of the Rawaafidh and their changing of the Qur’aan, then the Rawaafidh are not from the Muslims. Indeed it is a sect which the first of them arose after the death of the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) by 25 years… and it is a group that went the way of the Jews and the Christians in lying and disbelief)

Ibn Taymiyyah reported in his Minhaaj as-Sunnah (1/59 -62):
Mu’mal Ibn Ihaab said: I heard Yazeed Bin Haaroon (d. 206H) saying
وقال مؤمل بن إهاب سمعت يزيد بن هارون يقول يكتب عن كل صاحب بدعة إذا لم يكن داعية إلا الرافضة فإنهم يكذبون

(The narrations of every person of innovation can be written as long as he is not a caller to it, except the Raafidah, since they are liars.)

Ibn Taymiyyah recorded in his Minhaaj as-Sunnah (1/69):

قال أبو حاتم الرازي سمعت يونس بن عبد الأعلى يقول قال أشهب بن عبد العزيز سئل مالك عن
الرافضة فقال لا تكلمهم ولا ترو عنهم فإنهم يكذبون وقال أبو حاتم حدثنا حرملة قال سمعت الشافعي يقول لم أر أحدا أشهد بالزور من الرافضة

(Aboo Haatim ar-Raazee (d.277H) said, “I heard Yoonus bin ‘Abd al-A’laa saying: Ashhaab bin ‘Abdul’Azeez asked Maalik (d.179H) about the Raafidah, so he said, “Do not speak to them and do not narrate from them, since they lie. And Aboo Haatim said, “Harmalah related to us saying: I heard ash-Shaafi’ee (d.204H) saying, “I have not seen anyone testifying for more evil than the Raafidah.”)

Imaam Ibn Battah mentioned in his al-Ibaanah (Number 193) that Aboo Bakr bin ‘Ayyaash said:

لَا أُصَلِّي عَلَى رَافِضِيٍّ وَلَا حَرُورِيٍّ لِأَنَّ اَلرَّافِضِيَّ يَجْعَلُ عُمَرَ كَافِرًا وَالْحَرُورِيَّ يَجْعَلُ عَلِيًّا كَافِرًا

(I will not pray over the Raafidhee or the Harooree, because the Raafidhee makes ‘Umar a kaafir (disbeliever) and the Harooree makes ‘Alee a Kaafir)

Ibn Taymiyyah said in his Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (28/ 482) about the Rawaafidh:

أنهم شر من عامة أهل الأهواء ، وأحق بالقتال من الخوارج

(They are an evil from the general people of desires, and they are more deserving of being killed than the Khawaarij)

Al-Khallaal reported in his Sunnah (2/566) that Moosaa bin Haaroon bin Ziyaad said:

قال سمعت الفريابي ورجل يسأله عمن شتم أبا بكر قال كافر قال فيصلي عليه قال لا وسألته كيف يصنع به وهو يقول لا إله إلا الله قال لا تمسوه بأيديكم ارفعوه بالخشب حتى تواروه في حفرته

(I heard al-Faryaabee and a man asked him about the one who reviles Abaa Bakr and he said “A disbeliever”, he said, “So is he to be prayed over?” He said, “No” And I asked him, “How is he to be dealt with when he says ‘Laa Illaaha Illa Allaah’?” He replied, “Do not touch him with your hands. Raise him upon a plank of wood so you can slide himinto his pit“)

“ We Ask Allah Subhanahu Wa’ Ta’aalaa To Wage War Against These Zanaadiqah (Heretics), And We Ask Him To Protect Ahlu-Sunnah As-Salafiyoon In The Blessed Land, Yemen, Specifically Dar-El-Hadeeth, Dammaj. We Ask Allah To Make The Ahlu-Sunnah Victorious Over The Enemies Of Islam, Who Live For No Other Purpose But To Attack The Religion & The Companions Of The Prophet. O Allah Protect Our Brothers, Sisters, Children In Dammaj, From The Evil Plots Of The Ahlul-Bida’h And The Kufaar. O Allah, Revealer of the Book, Swift to Account, Defeat The Groups (of disbelievers). O Allah , defeat them and shake them.”