Uthman (r.a) and prayer during the journey

Bismillah.

Salam alaikum.

Sayidina Uthman (r.a) prayed 4 rakahs instead of 2 during the Haj. This was enough reason for some hypocrites to accuse him.

But everything has own explanation.

al-Bayhaqi narrated in “al-Marifah” as a taliq, and declared its chain of transmission good: From Abdurrahman ibn Humayd from his father that Uthman ibn Affan completed prayer at Mina and then delivered the speech to people. He said: “People! The Sunnah is the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam)! And the Sunnah of his two companions. However, this year are many new people and I was afraid that they will take it as a sunnah”.

Note: Mean he has prayed 4 rakahs during the journey instead of 2, because he afraid that in case he will pray two, new comers will continue in this way even not during the journeys.

at-Tahawi and Abu Dawud narrated from az-Zuhri, and chain is strong mursal in accordance to allama Nimawi, that he said: “Uthman only prayed four at Mina because the desert Arabs were more numerous that year and he preferred to teach them that the prayer is four rakahs”.

Both reports taken from Athar as-Sunnah by allama Nimawi Hanafi pp 371-372.

Tabarsi on companions of Ali (r.a)

Bismillah.

Salam alaikum. Once we already posted information where shia scholar Shareef al-Murtada stated that majority of Ali’s followers befriended Abu bakr and Umar (may Allah be pleased with all of them) and accepted their Imamate.

Now I’d like to show you another quote from other known shia scholar at-Tabarsi.

In his book “Khatimatul Mustadrak” (5/18) he said:

Khatimatul Mustadrak

ومن هنا يعلم: ان الذين قتلوا مع امير المؤمنين (عليه السلام) في الحروب الثلاثة كانوا شهداء وفيهم كثير ممن كانوا يتولونهما

Translation:

“and from this it is known: that those who fought along with commander of faithful (alaihi salam) in 3 battles (Jamal;Nahravan; Siffin) and became a martyrs, and between them were a lot of (people) who befriended them”.

And in the footnote written:

أي ممن كانوا يتولون الخلفيتن: الاول، والثاني

Translation:

Mean those who befriended two caliphs: First and Second.

 

 

 

Are all the Companions trustworthy?

By Dr. Sa`d ibn `Abdullah Al Humayyid:

Question:

How to answer those who say: How could you say that all the Companions are trustworthy and accept all their narrations despite the fact that they commit grievous and minor sins which is something threatens their integrity. The proper thing is not to call them upright or trustworthy until their integrity is confirmed and those whom seem to be corrupt, their integrity shall be questioned?

•   •   •   •   •

Answer:

Praise be to Allah and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah. Now coming to the point: Continue reading

The ruling on insulting the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him)

By Dr. Sa`d ibn `Abdullah Al Humayyid:

Praise be to Allah and peace be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family, his Companions, and those who followed them.

The issue of insulting the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them) is one of the issues that need lengthy explanation because the one who insults them may do so because of a worldly rivalry between them, and that is obvious in their lifetime. A person may insult a number of the Companions because he believes that they have apostatized or have done major sins in his view. He may also insult them because they have provided victory to this religion which he claims to be attributed to, but in fact he is not a Muslim. Continue reading

How Many People Did the Prophet Ever Kill?

“…And bravery is defined by two things:

a) the strength and firmness of the heart in the face of fears, and
b) physical strength when fighting, such that one can kill with immense force and magnitude.

The first is the definition of bravery. As for the latter, it indicates physical strength and ability, and not everyone who possesses physical strength has strength of heart, and vice versa.

Because of this, you may find that it is said regarding a man who kills many people: ‘He would do this if he had with him those who could guarantee his safety.’ But, if he becomes scared, he is stricken with cowardice, and his heart becomes detached. And you would find the man with a firm heart who has not killed many people with his own hands firm in the face of fears, going forth in the face of hardships, and this is a characteristic that is required by the commanders, leaders, and forerunners of war, more so than the other, as the forerunner, if he is brave and firm at heart, will go forth and remain firm and will not be defeated, and his supporters will fight alongside him. If he was a coward and weak at heart, he will be humiliated, will not go forth, and will not remain firm, even if he is physically strong.

And the Prophet was the most complete in regards to this bravery that is appropriate for the commanders in war, and he did not kill with his hand anyone except Ubayy bin Khalaf. He killed him on the day of Uhud, and did not kill anyone else with his hand before or after this.”

[‘Minhaj as-Sunnah an-Nabawiyyah’; 8/78]

firmness of the heart in the face of fears, and
b) physical strength when fighting, such that one can kill with immense force and magnitude.

The first is the definition of bravery. As for the latter, it indicates physical strength and ability, and not everyone who possesses physical strength has strength of heart, and vice versa.

Because of this, you may find that it is said regarding a man who kills many people: ‘He would do this if he had with him those who could guarantee his safety.’ But, if he becomes scared, he is stricken with cowardice, and his heart becomes detached. And you would find the man with a firm heart who has not killed many people with his own hands firm in the face of fears, going forth in the face of hardships, and this is a characteristic that is required by the commanders, leaders, and forerunners of war, more so than the other, as the forerunner, if he is brave and firm at heart, will go forth and remain firm and will not be defeated, and his supporters will fight alongside him. If he was a coward and weak at heart, he will be humiliated, will not go forth, and will not remain firm, even if he is physically strong.

And the Prophet was the most complete in regards to this bravery that is appropriate for the commanders in war, and he did not kill with his hand anyone except Ubayy bin Khalaf. He killed him on the day of Uhud, and did not kill anyone else with his hand before or after this.”

[‘Minhaj as-Sunnah an-Nabawiyyah’; 8/78]

Don’t abuse companions

Bismillah.

Shia scholar shaykh Muhammad as-Sabzawari in his book “Jamiul Akhbar aw Maarijal Yageen wa Usool ad-Deen” (p 456), narrated hadith from prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam):

Jamiul akhbar 456

 

Translation:

and he (peace be upon him) said: Kill the one who abuses me, and the one who abused my companion disbelieved”.

And in other narration: “Flog the one who abused my companion”.

 

The most beloved person to the Prophet [sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam]

Bismillah. This is from my notes. More narrations can be added with more points Insha Allah.

  • Both Bukhari (3662) and Muslim (2384) narrate from ‘Amr bin al-‘Aas (ra) that he asked the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), “Who is most beloved to you?” He replied, “’Aishah.” He then asked, “And among men?” He said, “Her father.”
  • Ibn Majah (101) and Al-Hakim (6739) records through Mu’tamir bin Sulaiman from Humaid at-Taweel from Anas bin Malik that it was said: O Messenger of Allah, who is the most beloved person to you? He said, “’Aisha.” They said, “Not from the women.” So he said, “Her father.” Al-Hakim declared it Sahih on the condition of Bukhari and Muslim. Al-Dhahabi said, “It is highly weird.” Imam Ad-Daarqutni said after mentioning the differences in its Isnad in his “Al-‘Ilal” (12/76): The correct Isnad for this is that through Mu’tamir bin Sulaiman from Humaid from Hasan al-Basari in mursal form.
  • Abu Dawud At-Tayalisi in his Musnad (1613) and Al-Hakim in “Al-Mustadrak” (6746) report through through Zam’ah from Ibn Abi Mulaikah that Umm Salamah (ra) said, when she was informed about the death of ‘Aisha (ra), “May Allah shower His mercy on her. By the One in whose hand is my life, she was the most beloved of all to the Messenger of Allah, except for her father.”  Al-Hakim authenticated it on the condition of the two Shaykhs to which Al-Dhahabi objected by saying, “In it exists Zam’ah and only Muslim have narrated through him along with other reports [that is in support on only].”
  • Tirmidhi (3819), Hakim and Tahawi in Sharh al-Mushkil (5298) relate it through ‘Umar bin Abi Salamah from his father from Usamah bin Zaid (ra) that Ali (ra) and ‘Abbas (ra) entered upon Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and asked, “O Messenger of Allah! We have come to you to ask who is the most beloved to you from your household.” He replied, “Fatimah.” They asked, “We are not asking about women.” So he said, “That is the one on whom Allah bestowed His favor and I bestowed my favor on him: Usamah bin Zaid.” It was weakened by Al-Albani due to Umar bin Abi Salamah. In a report of Tahawi (5399) he (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) mentioned Ali (ra) after Usamah (ra).
  • The Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said when some people objected to the leadership of Usamah (ra), “He (Zaid) was from the most beloved people to me and this is from the most beloved people to me after him.” It was reported by Ahmad (5888), Bukhari (6252), Muslim (2426), Tirmidhi (3816) and others.
  • Imam Ahmad reports in Musnad (5707), At-Tayalisi in his Musnad (1812) through Hammad from Musa bin ‘Uqbah from Salim from Ibn ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “Usama is the most beloved person to me” and he did not give exception for Fatima or any other person than her.”
    The part of the hadith ((and he did not give exception to Fatimah)) is the statement of Ibn ‘Umar (ra) as in the report of Ahmad (5848), Nasai in “Al-Kubra” (8130), Ibn Sa’d in Tabaqat (2/192, al-‘Ilmiyyah).
    Imam Bukhari also narrates it in his Saheeh (4468), At-Tabarani in “Al-Kabeer” (1/159), Al-Hakim in “Al-Mustadrak” (6530) through different routes going back to Musa bin ‘Uqbah without mentioning the statement of Ibn ‘Umar (ra).
  • Ahmad (25829), Tirmidhi (3657), Nasai in Al-Kubra (8144) and others through Abdullah bin Shaqeeq that he asked ‘Aisha (ra) that which companion of the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was most beloved to him? She replied, Abu Bakr. I said, “Then who?” She said, “Umar.” I said, “Then whom?” She said Abu ‘Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah. Then she kept silence. Tirmidhi said: It is Hasan Saheeh. Al-Albani and Arnaut have declared it authentic.
  • Tirmidhi (3874), An-Nasai in “Al-Kubra” (8442, 8443), Al-Hakim in “Al-Mustadrak” (4731, 4774), At-Tahawi (5307, 5308) and others through Jumai’ bin ‘Umair that he along with his mother [or father] went to ‘Aisha (ra) and there he heard her saying regarding ‘Ali (ra), “I have not seen a man more beloved to the Messenger of Allah than him, and a woman more beloved to him than his wife.” Al-Hakim declared it authentic on the condition of Al-Bukhari and Muslim to which Al-Dhahabi objected, “Rather Jumai’ bin ‘Umair is accused and ‘Aisha basically never uttered it.”
  • Imam Ahmad reports in Musnad (18421), Nasai in “Al-Kubra” (8441, 9110), At-Tahawi in Sharh Muskhil al-Aathar” (5309) through Yunus from Yunus bin Abi Ishaq from Al-‘Aizar bin Huraith from Nu’man bin Basheer that Abu Bakr took permission from the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) and so he heard the voice of ‘Aisha being raised, and she was saying, “By Allah, I have realized that Ali is more beloved to you than my father.” She said it twice or thrice.
    I say: Israeel reports it from Abu Ishaq from ‘Aizar without having the statement of ‘Aisha as per the report of Ahmad (18394).
  • Tirmidhi reports in Sunan (3868) through Abdullah bin ‘Ataa from Abdullah bin Buraidah from his father that he said, “The most beloved person to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) was Fatimah among women, and among men it was Ali.” Ibrahim bin Sa’eed [the Shaykh ofTirmidhi in this narration] added: It means among his family members.
    It was also reported by An-Nasai in “Al-Kubra” (8444) and he said after it, “Abdullah bin ‘Ataa was not strong in hadith.” Abu Abdullah Al-Hakim also reports it in “Al-Mustadrak” (4735) and declared it Sahih while Al-Dhahabi agreed.
  • Al-Hakim (5110) through Abu Usamah from Hisham bin ‘Urwah from ‘Urwah that he said, “Abu Sufyan bin Harith bin Abdul Muttalib was the most beloved of Quraish to the Messenger of Allah and he was very harsh against him, and when he accepted Islam he became the most beloved person to him.”
  • By Muhammad Moin