Term ahlul-hadith and ahlul-athar in the history

“There will not cease to be a group from my Ummah victorious and steadfast upon the truth, those who abandon them will not harm them, until the command of Allah comes about.” [Sahih Muslim (6/52-53) and Sunan Abu Dawud (2/202)]

“Indeed the people of the Book before you split into seventy-two sects. And this nation will split into seventy-three sects, seventy-two are in the Fire and one in Paradise”. And in another narration, “All are in the Fire except one.” It was asked: Who is that one? He replied, “That which I and my Companions are upon” [Jami at-Tirmidhi (5/62) and Mustadrak al-Haakim (1/128)] Continue reading

Islamic Rulings on Shi`ites (Rawafid)

Ahl-ul-Bayt (the household of the Messenger)

  • Imaam Ali (r.a.)

It was reported that Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) used to repeat the following statement: “The best one after the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) is Abu Bakr. And the best one after Abu Bakr is Umar.” He also whipped those who claimed that he is better than Abu Bakr and Umar. [Ibn Majah]Imaam Ali bin Abu-Talib (r.a.) said: “The Messenger of Allah called me and told me: “You are alike with Jesus, Jews hated him till they slandered his mother, and Christians loved him till they put him in the position that is not for him. With regard to me, two categories of people will be ruined, namely he who loves me too much and the love takes him away from rightfulness, and he who hates me too much and the hatred takes him away from rightfulness. Verily, I am not a prophet, and there is nothing revealed to me. But I work with the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of his Prophet (pbuh) as much as I can. So whatever I have asked you in regard of obeying Allah, it is your duty to obey me whether you like it or not. [Ahmad]Imaam Ali (r.a.) said: “There will appear, at the end of time, people claimed to be from our Shia but they are not from our Shia. They have a nickname called Rawafid (rejecters). If you meet them then KILL THEM for they are polytheist.Imaam Ali (r.a.) said: “With regard to me, two categories of people will be ruined, namely he who loves me too much and the love takes him away from rightfulness, and he who hates me too much and the hatred takes him away from rightfulness. The best man with regard to me is he who is on the middle course. So be with him and be with the great majority (of Muslims) because Allah’s hand (of protection) is on keeping unity. [Nahjul Balagha, sermon 126 about the Kharijites]In the that time, people who called them selves Muslims were three groups :
1- Kharijites who said that Imam Ali was a disbeliever and they send Ibn Muljim to kill him and he did that. Continue reading

The Islaamic ruling regarding (Ayatollah) Khomeini

Question: What is the Islaamic ruling regarding (Ayatollah) Khomeini?

Response: Khomeini has a book in which he mentions the excellence of the Imaams (Hassan and Hussein and others) of the family of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) over and above the Prophets and the Messengers (`alayhim as-salaam); (So) based upon this (statement of his) he is not a Muslim.

Shaykh al-Albaanee
al-Haawee min Fataawa ash-Shaykh al-Albaanee – Page 349

And here fatwa from Mufti  Ebrahim Desai

What is your opinion about the late Ayatollah Khomeini? Was he a Muslim or not?

Ayatollah Khomeini was not a Muslim.
and Allah Ta’ala Knows Best

Mufti Ebrahim Desai

Saying ((‘Alee Karram-Allaahu wajhahu))

Question: How correct is it to say: ((‘Alee Karram-Allaahu wajhahu)) (‘Alee (ibn Abee Taalib), may Allaah honour his face (i.e. him))”?

Response: There is no basis for saying this specifically for ‘Alee (radhi-yallaahu ‘anhu), rather it is an example of the excessive (love and respect) of the Shee’ah (Raafidhah) towards him.

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa, comprising –
Head: Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez Ibn Abdullaah Ibn Baaz;
Deputy Head: Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee;
Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah Ibn Ghudayyaan;
Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah Ibn Qu’ood
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa., – Volume 3, Page 100, Question 5 of Fatwa No.6542

He has a Raafidi friend; can he remain friends with him?

Praise be to Allaah.

You should advise your friend to avoid making friends with the followers of bid’ah, especially extreme bid’ahs such as the Shi’ah and Raafidis, because being friends with them poses a danger to the Muslim’s religious and worldly interests. The danger to his religious interests involves the specious arguments that this Raafidi may present to him, causing him to doubt his religion, and the danger to his worldly interests involves the hatred that the Raafidi may feel towards Ahl al-Sunnah and he may strive to harm them in whatever ways he can.

There are ahaadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which encourage us to choose our friends wisely, because of the influence that a friend may have on one’s attitude and religious commitment. These ahaadeeth include the following:

1 – It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not keep company with anyone but a believer and do not let anyone eat your food but one who is pious.”

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (2395)and Abu Dawood (4832); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

2 – It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “A man will follow the way of his close friends, so let one of you look to whom he takes as a close friend.”

Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (2378) and Abu Dawood (4833). Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi.

Al-Khattaabi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

Do not take as a close friend anyone but one whose religious commitment and trustworthiness you are pleased with, for if you take him as a close friend, he will lead you to his religion and madhhab, so do not risk losing your religious commitment and expose yourself to danger by taking as a close friend one whose religious commitment and madhhab you are not pleased with. End quote.

Al-‘Azlah (p. 141)

Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

What this means – and Allaah knows best – is that a man will get used to what he sees of his friend’s actions. Hence he is commanded to make friends only with those whose actions are only good and permissible.

What this means is that a person should not mix with those who will make him do and believe things that are not praiseworthy. As for one with whom there is no such danger, there is nothing wrong with making friends with him. End quote.

Bahjat al-Majaalis (2/751).

The salaf said a great deal warning against making friends with the followers of bid’ah. For example:

1 – Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) narrated that Abu Yoosuf, the student of Abu Haneefah, said:

No one among Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah should mix with anyone from among the people of whims and desires so that he makes friends with him and becomes his close confidante, lest he causes him to slip or causes others to slip because of this friendship.

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (16/475)

2 – Abu Dawood al-Sijistaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

I said to Abu ‘Abd-Allaah – Ahmad ibn Hanbal – I see a man from Ahl al-Sunnah with a man from the followers of innovation; should I stop speaking to him? He said: No, unless you know that the man whom you saw with him is a follower of innovation. If he stops speaking to him then speak to him, otherwise regard them as both being the same.

Tabaqaat al-Hanaabilah (1/160).

And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A

Saying Karrama Allaah wajhahu for ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib

I know that Amer almo’meneen Ali Bin abe Taleb rathey allah annah one of the great sahaba and the 4th khalefah to almo’meneeen and did not mada sojob to any image so we called him karram allah wajha .. but my Question is who is the person called Ali Bin Abe Taleb ( eb karram allah wajaha ) ??.

Praise be to Allaah.

It seems that the first ones who said “Karrama Allaah wahjahu” (may Allaah honour his face) concerning ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) were the Shi’ah, and some of the scribes who took this from the Shi’ah.

1 – Imam Ibn Katheer (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

I say: it is very common among many of the scribes who copy out books to write ‘alayhi’l-salaam (peace be upon him) after the name of ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) but not after the names of other Sahaabah, or to write karrama Allaah wajhahu. Even though the meaning is acceptable, all the Sahaabah should be treated with the same respect. The two Shaykhs (i.e., Abu Bakr and ‘Umar) and ‘Uthmaan are more deserving of that, may Allaah be pleased with them.

Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 3/517-518

2 – The Standing Committee said:

Saying karrama Allaahu wajhahu after the name of ‘Ali and singling him out for that is part of the exaggeration of the Shi’ah concerning him. And it was said that this is because he never saw the ‘awrah of another person, or because he never prostrated to any idol.

But this does not apply only to him; it applies also to other Sahaabah who were born in Islam.

And Allaah knows best.

Islam Q&A

SHI’I CONCEPT OF IMAAMAT EXPLAINED

Q: I came across your website and it made for interesting reading on how you knowingly or unknowingly incite hatred amongst the Muslim ummah. The book in question, “The Faith of Shia Islam”, clearly states the lesser stature of the Imams of the Shia faith as compared to the Prophet in the very sentence that you chose to quote incorrectly.

A: It is most distressing and unfortunate that you have elected to perceive our presentation of the Shi‘i concept of Imamah in comparison with Nubuwwah as hate mongering.

It has to be candidly admitted that your pejorative characterization of our presentation would have been quite truthful and accurate had it been based solely on the extract from the book “The Faith of Shia Islam” and on nothing else. But the reality of the situation is quite different for those whose knowledge of Shi‘ism extends further than one or two contemporary booklets. Anyone interested in knowing exactly what position Twelver Shi‘ism holds on a particular point of law or theology — and that includes yourself — would be infinitely better advised to consult the classical legacy of the Shi‘ah, and not just draw semantical conclusions from one or two contemporary sources of diminutive status and negligible importance.

In your own case, it seems that you too, have not had adequate exposure to the classical literature of your sect. It appears that it is this ineptitude that has led you into a condemnation of our description of Imamah as being superior to Nubuwwah in the belief structure of the Shi‘ah.

For your information and empowerment we therefore present you with the following citations from recognized works by celebrated scholars from within your own classical legacy. We hope that your misgivings will have been satisfactorily accounted for.

1. Shaykh Ni‘matullah al-Jaza’iri (died 1112 AH) writes in his book al-Anwar al-Nu‘maniyyah vol. 1 p. 20: “Know that there is no difference amongst our scholars about the superiority of our Prophet (upon and him and his family be peace) over all the other Prophets (peace be upon them), on account of multiple narrations. There does however exist a difference of opinion between them on the issue of whether Amir al-Mu’minin (‘Ali) and the Pure Imams are superior to the Prophets with the exclusion of their grandfather (upon him and his family be peace). One group holds the view that they are superior to all the Prophets excluding the Ulul ‘Azm (Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, and ‘Isa). Another group holds the position that they are equal. But most of the latter scholars believe that the Imams (peace be upon them) are superior to all the Prophets, the Ulul ‘Azm included. This view is the correct one, and it is based upon the following proofs.”

Al-Jaza’iri then goes on to cite twelve sections of proofs, every section consisting of narrations from the Imams in the books of the Shi‘ah, covering 15 pages in all. You may view these proofs in al-Anwar al-Nu‘maniyyah vol. 1 pp. 20-35. After reading them I invite you to reconsider these words of yours, and to consider whether it applies more aptly to us or yourself: “I wish you would stop the hate mongering and use your head instead. If you can’t be truthful to the readers… at least be truthful to yourself. You think by writing lies about someone those lies will become truths? Allah knows best what is right and what is wrong.”

2. Al-Jaza’iri’s teacher was the famous Mulla Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi (died 1111 AH), the most prominent and influential Shi‘i scholar of the Safawid empire. He writes in his monumental Bihar al-Anwar vol. 26 p. 83:

“On the whole, after admission of the fact that the Imams are not prophets, we are bound to acknowledge the fact that they are superior to all Prophets and Awsiya (legatees) except our Prophet (salutations and peace upon him and his family). To our knowledge there is no reason not to describe the Imams as Prophets except consideration to the status of the Final Prophet. Our intellect too, cannot perceive of a distinction between Nubuwwah (prophethood) and Imamah.”

I would also draw your attention to the fact that al-Majlisi has included a chapter in the aforementioned book entitled “The Superiority of the Imams over the Prophets and al Creation”. In this chapter, which runs from page 267 to page 318 in volume 26 of Bihar al-Anwar, he has enumerated a full 88 ahadith of the Imams as proof of their superiority. You are once again urged to study these ahadith of your Imams and the conclusions drawn from them by your scholars, after which we invite you to consider whom it is who knowingly or unknowingly incites hatred amongst the Muslim Ummah.

3. And should you contend that these were the views of ancient scholars that are no longer held by Shi‘i scholars today, then I invite you to read the book al-Hukumat al-Islamiyyah by Imam Khomeini himself, wherein he states:

“It is of the undeniable tenets of our faith that our Imams have a status with Allah that cannot be aspired to by anyone, neither an angel nor a prophet.”

We sincerely hope to hear from you again.

Shaykh M Taha Karaan
MADRASAH AL-ARABIYYAH AL-ISLAAMIYYAH, Western Cape (SA)