Building over the graves

Salam alaikum.

This is a small research, which was compiled from some posts of  shia Nader Zaveri and some other shias from their discussion regarding building over the graves.

Compilation:

حدثنا محمد بن موسى بن المتوكل قال حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم عن أبيه عن حماد عن حريز عن زرارة عن أبي جعفر ع قالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ الصَّلَاةُ بَيْنَ الْقُبُورِ قَالَ بَيْنَ خَلَلِهَا وَ لَا تَتَّخِذْ شَيْئاً مِنْهَا قِبْلَةً فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ص نَهَى عَنْ ذَلِكَ وَ قَالَ لَا تَتَّخِذُوا قَبْرِي قِبْلَةً وَ لَا مَسْجِداً فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَعَنَ الَّذِينَ اتَّخَذُوا قُبُورَ أَنْبِيَائِهِمْ مَسَاجِدَ
…Do NOT take my grave as a qiblah or as a masjid, indeed Allah curses those who took graves of prophets as masaajid (mosques)”.

Source:

  • Al-Sadooq, ‘ilal Al-Sharaa-I’, vol. 2, pg. 358, hadeeth # 1
  • Al-Sadooq, Man Laa YaHDuruh Al-Faqeeh, vol. 1, pg. 178, hadeeth # 532
  • Al-Aamilee, Wasaa-il Al-Shee’ah, vol. 3, ch. 65, pg. 235, hadeeth # 3497
  • Al-Aamilee, Wasaa-il Al-Shee’ah, vol. 5, ch. 26, pg. 161, hadeeth # 6222
  • Al-Aamilee, Wasaa-il Al-Shee’ah, vol. 5, ch. 26, pg. 161, hadeeth # 6224
  • Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 79, ch. 12, pg. 20
  • Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 80, ch. 5, pg. 313, hadeeth # 4
  • Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 97, ch. 3, pg. 128, hadeeth # 7

The sanad of this hadeeth is impeccable. It would be considered Hasan SaHeeH mainly because of ‘Alee ibn Ibraaheem’s father (Ibraaheem ibn Haashim), because he is just “praised” and no clear-cut tawtheeq for him. But his case is different comparatively to other “praised” people, because he is one of our major major narrators and a father of our great mufassireen and muhaddith. Also, after Ibraaheem ibn Haashim you will find Hamaad bin ‘Eesaa, Hareez, and Zuraarah, these are our top narrators, not just your average thiqah (trustworhthy) person. This hadeeth is taken as a SaHeeHhadeeth.

Here is another narration with relatively the same matn (content).

لَا تَتَّخِذُوا قَبْرِي عِيداً وَ لَا تَتَّخِذُوا قُبُورَكُمْ مَسَاجِدَكُمْ وَ لَا بُيُوتَكُمْ قُبُوراً
“Do NOT make an ‘eid (festival, feast) (on) my grave, and do NOT make Masaajid (mosques) from your graves, and graves from your houses”

Source:

  • Al-Nooree, Mustadark Al-Wasaa-il, vol. 2, ch. 55, pg. 379, hadeeth # 2240
  • Al-Toosi, Al-Majaalis
  • Al-Karaajukee, Kanz
  • Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 34, pg. 332
  • Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 55, ch. 12, pg. 79, hadeeth # 44 & 45

عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْخَطَّابِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَسْبَاطٍ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَبَا الْحَسَنِ مُوسَى ع عَنِ الْبِنَاءِ عَلَى الْقَبْرِ وَ الْجُلُوسِ عَلَيْهِ هَلْ يَصْلُحُ قَالَ
لَا يَصْلُحُ الْبِنَاءُ عَلَيْهِ وَ لَا الْجُلُوسُ وَ لَا تَجْصِيصُهُ وَ لَا تَطْيِينُهُ
‘Alee bin Ja’far asked our 7th Imaam (as) about building upon graves and sitting (by them). He (as) said: One cannot build upon it, and sit, and plaster, and “clay” it over

Source:

  • Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb Al-aHkaam, vol. 1, ch. 23, pg. 461, hadeeth # 148
  • Al-Toosi, Al-IstibSaar, vol. 1, ch. 128, pg. 217, hadeeth # 1
  • Al-Aamilee, Wasaa’il Al-Shee’ah, vol. 3, ch. 44, pg. 210, hadeeth # 3426
  • Al-Majlisi, Bihaar Al-Anwaar, vol. 3, ch. 12, pg. 79
  • ‘Alee ibn Ja’far (brother of 7th Imaam (as)), Masaa-il ‘Alee ibn Ja’far, pg. 212, hadeeth # 460

Grading:

  • Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Muwaththaq KalSaHeeH (Reliable (taken as a) SaHeeH (hadeeth))
    –> Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 3, pg. 298

The reason why it is considered Muwaththaq (Reliable) is mainly because of ‘Alee ibn AsbaaT, he is 100% thiqah, but people have differed on his madhhab. However, Al-Khoei said that ‘Alee ibn AsbaaT is a Shee’ah Imaamee and his madhhab is good. (See: Al-Khoei, Mu’jam Rijaal Al-Hadeeth, vol. 11, pg. 260, under person # 7923)

So this hadeeth is actually graded as purely SaHeeH

And here is what Al-Toosee says about what the four (4) fingers should be.

و يرفع من الأرض مقدار أربع أصابع و لا يطرح فيه من غير ترابه
Graves should be four fingers above the ground, no dirt other other than the dirt of grave should be placed on it

Source:

  • Al-Toosi, Al-MabsooT fee fiqh Imaamiyyah, vol. 1, pg. 187

From Wasa’il ash-Shi’a:

[6614] 7 ـ وعنهم ، عن سهل ، عن جعفر بن محمد الأشعري ، عن ابن القداح ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) قال : أمير المؤمنين ( عليه السلام ) : بعثني رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) في هدم القبور وكسر الصور.

ورواه البرقي في ( المحاسن ) عن جعفر بن محمد الأشعري ، مثله.

7 – And from them from Sahl from Ja`far b. Muhammad al-Ash`ari from Ibn al-Qaddah (?) from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام. He said: Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام said: The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله sent me to tear down the graves and break the images.

6615] 8 ـ وعن علي بن إبراهيم ، عن أبيه ، عن النوفلي ، عن السكوني ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) قال : قال أمير المؤمنين ( عليه السلام ) : بعثني رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) إلى المدينة فقال : لا تدع صورة إلا محوتها ، ولا قبراً إلا سويته ، ولا كلباً إلا قتلته.

ورواه البرقي في ( المحاسن ) عن النوفلي ، مثله.

8 – And from `Ali b. Ibrahim from his father from an-Nawfali from as-Sakuni from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام. He said: Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام said: The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله sent me to Madina, and said: Do not leave an image but that you have effaced it, nor a grave but that you have leveled it, nor a dog but that you have killed it.

And al-Barqi narrated it in al-Mahasin from an-Nawfali likewise.

[6616] 9 ـ محمد بن الحسن بإسناده عن الحسين بن سعيد ، عن النضر بن سويد ، عن القاسم بن سليمان ، عن جراح المدائني ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) قال : لا تبنوا على القبور ولا تصوروا سقوف البيوت فإن رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه وآله ) كره ذلك.

أحمد بن محمد البرقي في ( المحاسن ) عن أبيه ، عن النضر بن سويد ، مثله.

وعن يوسف بن عقيل ، عن محمد بن قيس ، عن أبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) ، مثله.

9 – Muhammad b. al-Hasan by his isnad from al-Husayn b. Sa`id from an-Nadr b. Suwayd from al-Qasim b. Sulayman from Jarrah al-Mada’ini from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام. He said: Do not build upon the graves and do not make images on the roofs of the houses, for verily the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله disliked that.

Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Barqi in al-Mahasin from his father from an-Nadr b. Suwayd likewise.

And from Yusuf b. `Aqil from Muhammad b. Qays from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام likewise.

[6617] 10 ـ وعن أبيه ، عن ابن سنان ، عن أبي الجارود ، عن الأصبغ بن نباتة ، عن أمير المؤمنين ( عليه السلام ) قال : من جدد قبراً أو مثل مثالاً فقد خرج من الإسلام.

ورواه الشيخ والصدوق كما مر.

10 And from his father from Ibn Sinan from Abu ‘l-Jarud from al-Asbagh b. Nabata from Amir al-Mu’mineen عليه السلام. He said: Whoever renovates a grave or fashions an image has gone out of Islam.

And the Shaykh and as-Saduq narrated it as has passed (earlier in Wasa’il).

It’s prohibited to pray on graves

Salam alaikum. All over the world we can see mosques that were built upon graves of pious people. Let us see, what shia imams said about praying over graves.

عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: إن رسول الله ص قال: لا تتخذوا قبري قبلة ولا مسجدًا، فإن الله عز وجل لعن الذين اتخذوا قبور أنبيائهم مساجد
“From Abu Jafar (alayhi salam): Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa salaam) said: “Don’t take my grave as a qibla or as a mosque, indeed Allah cursed those who took graves of prophets as mosques”.

Source: Saduq “Man la yahduruhul faqeh” 1/185;
Majlese “Bihar al anwar” 80/313.

I should notice that mosque could also mean a place where doing a lot of sajda. i.e place where a lot of worshiping.

ن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام قال: بعثني رسول الله ص إلى المدينة، فقال: لا تدع صورةً إلا محوتها، ولا قبرًا إلا سويته، ولا كلبًا إلا قتلته
“Ameralmomeneen (alayhi salam) said: Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa salaam) send me with order “Do not leave an image without obliterating it, or a high grave without levelling it, and dog without killing it”.

Source: Hurr Amili “Wasael ush shia” 3/209;
Kulayni “Kafi” 6/528/#12969.

قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لا تتخذوا قبري قبلة ولا مسجداً؛ فإن الله عز وجل لعن اليهود حين اتخذوا قبور أنبيائهم مساجد
“The prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa salam) said: “Don’t take my grave like place of worship or “Kibla”, Allah cursed jews which build Mosques over graves of their prophets”.

Source: Sheih Saduk “Man la yahduruhul fagih” vol 1, p 178, hadis# 532;
Allama Majlisi “Biharul Anwar” vol 79, p 20;
Allama Majlisi “Biharul anwar” vol 80, p 313.

رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ( ص ) يَقُولُ لَا تَتَّخِذُوا قَبْرِي عِيداً وَ لَا تَتَّخِذُوا قُبُورَكُمْ مَسَاجِدَكُمْ وَ لَا بُيُوتَكُمْ قُبُوراً
“Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa salam) said:”Don’t make feast place on my grave, and don’t make Mosques from your graves, and graves from your houses”

Source: Tabarsi “Mustadrak wasael” vol 2, p 379.
narration#2240

Babe in the grave of Kulayni

Salam alaykum.

A SUCKLING BABE IN THE GRAVE OF ABU JA’FAR KULAINI (R.A.)

The tomb of Shaykh Kulaini (r.a.), author of Kafi, is situated near the bridge in Baghdad. A fellow from the oppressor rulers thought of destroying the Holy shrine of Imam Moosa Kazim (a.s.) so that people may stop visiting Kazmain. His minister was a Shia (in heart). He became restless to find out a way to stop that fellow from his evil intention was unable to say anything openly because any doubt of his being a Shia was enough to put his life in danger. Anyway, they proceeded to Kazmain with the aforesaid evil intention. As soon as they approached the Baghdad bridge, the minister said, “Here is the grave of a big Shia scholar who was one of the delegates of Imam Kazim (a.s.), and people say that his body is still fresh and that it will always remain fresh and safe. If the king agrees this may be checked. If it is found that what people say is correct then it would not be wise to touch the tomb of Imam Kazim (a.s.).” The ruler agreed and, as per the king’s command, the grave of Kulaini (r.a.) was opened. They saw that his body was quite fresh and not only that, more surprising was the existence of the fresh and safe body of a little child by Kulaini’s side. It could not be known whether the child was related to Kulaini (r.a.) or not. What is worth noting is what can a soul do. If any other person also comes close to a pious soul it is also affected thereby. No doubt the Holy Progeny of the Messenger are the fountainhead of good and so their corpses are also alive and people can see occasional miracles from their graves.

Source: The Hereafter (Ma’aad) by Ayatullah Dastghaib Shiraazi, p 64.

I remember the fatwa of Khomayni.

لا يجوز وطء الزوجة قبل اكمال تسع سنين ، و أما سائر الايمتاعات كاللمس بشهوة و الضم و التفخيذ فلا باس بها حتى في الرضيعة ”
It is impermissible to have intercourse with ones wife before she reaches 9 years, and as for as all other enjoyments like touching with sexual desire, hugging and placing your private part in-between her thighs, then there is nothing wrong with that, even if it is done with an infant.

I am not asserting anything, just idea.

In some places, in the ancient world, there was a practise to burry wifes with their husband, so they can surve them in hereafter.