And another lesson:
I hear that Fatima (ra) and Ali (ra) had a daughter in addition to Hassan (ra) and Hussein (ra), but I know nothing else about her. Could you tell us something about her please, like how her life was, and whether she had any role in Islamic history, etc.
Praise be to Allaah.
Faatimah, the daughter of the leader of mankind, Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), al-Qurashiyyah al-Haashimiyyah, Umm al-Hasanayn [the mother of al-Hasan and al-Husayn]. She was born shortly before the beginning of the Mission of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and she married ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) after the battle of Badr. Continue reading
What are the virtues of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her)? Can you tell us something about her so that we women may follow her example? This is a matter that is of interest to me and my friends, and we are studying the religion.
Praise be to Allaah.
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Among her unique characteristics is: that she was the dearest of the wives of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to him, as was reported from him in al-Bukhaari and elsewhere. He was asked, Which of the people is dearest to you? He said, ‘Aa’ishah. He was asked, Who among men (is dearest to you)? He said, Her father.
Also among her unique characteristics is: that he did not marry any other virgin apart from her.
Also among her unique characteristics is: that he did not receive Revelation in the bed of any of his wives apart from hers.
Also among her unique characteristics is: that when Allaah revealed the aayah commanding him to give his wives the choice, he started with her and gave her the choice first. He said, “You do not have to hasten until you have consulted with your parents.” She said, “Do I need to consult my parents concerning this? I choose Allaah and His Messenger and the Home of the Hereafter.” The rest of his wives followed her example and said the same as she had said.
Also among her unique characteristics is: that Allaah declared her innocence of that of which the people of the slander (ahl al-ifk) accused her, and revealed words concerning her innocence that are recited in the mosques of the Muslims and during their prayers until the Day of Resurrection. Allaah Himself bore witness that she is one of the good women, and promised her forgiveness and a goodly provision. He, may He be glorified, stated that what was said about her in the slander was ultimately good for her, in the end it was not bad for her and did not do any harm to her status, because through this Allaah raised her status and her innocence is mentioned among the people of heaven and earth, which is an incomparably good thing.
Also among her unique characteristics is: that the greatest Sahaabah, when they were confused about some matter of religion, would consult her and would find the knowledge they were seeking with her.
Also among her unique characteristics is: that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) died in her house, on her day, in her arms, and he was buried in her house.
Also among her unique characteristics is: that the angel showed her image to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on a silk cloth before he married her. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “If this is from Allaah, then it will surely come to pass.”
Also among her unique characteristics is: that the people used to try to bring their gifts to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) on her day, seeking to draw close to the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). So they would bring him gifts of things that he liked, in the house of the one who was the dearest of his wives to him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). May Allaah be pleased with all his wives.
Jalaa’ al-Afhaam, pp. 237-241
And Allaah knows best.
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Sheikhul-islam Taqiad-deen Abul Abbas Ahmad ibn Abdulhaleem ibn Taymiya said:
وأما من قتل ” الحسين ” أو أعان على قتله أو رضي بذلك فعليه لعنة الله والملائكة والناس أجمعين
“As for killers of Hussein, or those who helped to kill him, or those who were glad with his murder, may curse of Allah, angels and all human be upon them”.
And he also said:
من أبغضهم فعليه لعنة الله والملائكة والناس أجمعين
“May curse of Allah, angels and all human be upon the one who would hate them (ahlel-bayt)”.
And he said:
وأما علي رضي الله عنه فلا ريب أنه ممن يحب الله ويحبه الله
“And Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, without any doubt from people who loved Allah, and who were beloved by Allah”.
And he said:
وأما كون عليّ وغيره مولى كل مؤمن ، فهو وصف ثابت لعليّ في حياة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وبعد مماته، وبعد ممات عليّ، فعلي اليوم مولى كل مؤمن
“And Ali and others were mawla of all believers. That’s a description established for Ali during the life of prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa salam), and after his death, and after the death of Ali (himself). And Ali today is a mawla of all believers”.
And he said:
لا ريب أن موالاة علي واجبة على كل مؤمن، كما يجب على كل مؤمن موالاة أمثاله من المؤمنين
“No doubt that mawlat (friendship) of Ali is obligatory for all believers, as it obligatory on all believers mawlat of believers like him”.
And he said:
لا ريب أن علياً رضي الله عنه كان من شجعان الصحابة، وممن نصر الله الإسلام بجهاده، ومن كبار السابقين الأوَّلين من المهاجرين والأنصار، ومن
سادات من آمن بالله واليوم الآخر وجاهد في سبيل الله، وممن قاتل بسيفه عدداً من الكفار
“No doubt that Ali from the bravest companions, and from those by whos jihad Allah granted victory to islam, and from the greatest who “first to lead the way, of the Muhajirin and the Ansar”.
And he said:
وأما زهد عليّ رضي الله عنه في المال فلا ريب فيه
“As for the zuhd of Ali, may Allah be pleased with him, to property, there is no doubt in it”.
And he said:
معلوم أن الذين كانوا مع علي من الصحابة مثل: عمار وسهل بن حنيف ونحوهما كانوا أفضل من الذين كانوا مع معاوية
“It’s known that companions that were around Ali, like Ammar, Sahl ibn Khunayf and others like them, were better that those who were around Moawiya”.
Faqeeh al-Kattani (rahimuhullah) in his book “Nazmul mutanaseera minal hadeethal mutawateera”:
232- ( من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه).
– أورد فيها أيضاً من حديث (1) زيد بن أرقم (2) وعلي (3) وأبي أيوب الأنصاري (4) وعمر (5) وذي مر (6) وأبي هريرة (7) وطلحة (8) وعمارة (9) وابن عباس (10) وبريدة (11) وابن عمر (12) ومالك ابن الحويرث (13) وحبشي بن جنادة (14) وجرير (15) وسعد بن أبي وقاص (16) وأبي سعيد الخدري (17) وأنس (18) وجندع الأنصاري ثمانية عشر نفساً وعن عدة من أصحاب رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وسلم أنهم سمعوا رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وسلم يقوله وعن اثني عشر رجلاً منهم (19) قيس بن ثابت (20) وحبيب بن بديل بن ورقاء وعن بضعة عشر رجلاً منهم (21) يزيد أو زيد بن شراحيل الأنصاري.
(قلت) ورد أيضاً من حديث (22) البراء بن عازب (23) وأبي الطفيل (24) وحذيفة بن أسيد الغفاري (25) وجابر وفي رواية لأحمد أنه سمعه من النبي صلى اللّه عليه وسلم ثلاثون صحابياً وشهدوا به لعلي لما نوزع أيام خلافته وممن صرح بتواتره أيضاً المناوي في التيسير نقلاً عن السيوطي وشارح المواهب اللدنية وفي الصفوة للمناوي قال الحافظ ابن حجر حديث من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه خرجه الترمذي والنسائي وهو كثير الطرق جداً وقد استوعبها ابن عقدة في مؤلف مفرد وأكثر أسانيدها صحيح أو حسن اهـ
“Man kuntu mawla va Aliul mawla”
Suyooti in “Al azkar” recorded this narration via:
1) Zayd ibn Arqam.
3) Abu Ayub al Anasari.
5) Zii Murr
6) Abu Hurayra
9) Abdullah ibn Abbas.
11) Abdullah ibn Umar.
12) Malik ibn Huvayreeth.
13) Hubshi ibn Junada.
15) Abu Said al-Hudri.
16) Sad ibn Ebi Vakkas
18) Junda al-Ansaree.
Total 18 man. (May Allah be pleased with all of them)
This narration was transmitted by group of companions. When Ali (r.a) asked who heard it from prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa salam) in Kufa. 12 man replied. From them:
19) Kayth ibn Sabeet.
20) Habib ibn Budayl ibn Waraka.
21) Yazeed, or Zayd ibn Shurahbil al-Ansaree. (May Allah be pleased with all of them)
I say (Kattani): It was also reported from:
22) Bara ibn Atheeb.
23) Abu Tufayl.
24) Huthayfa ibn Uthayd al-Gifaree.
25) Jabeer. (May Allah be pleased with all of them)
As it was reported from imam Ahmad, this narration was transmitted from prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa salam) by 30 companions.
During the caliphate of Ali (r.a) people joined him due to this narration.
Munawi in “Taytheer” reported from Suyooti and commentator of “Mavahibu laduniya”, that this narration is mutawateer.
And in “Saffet” Munawi reported from ibn Hajar: “Man kuntu mawla Aliyul mawla” reported by Tirmizi and Nasai, and there a lot of ways of this narration”. Ibn Ukda collected all ways of this narration in independed book. Most of them are good or authentic”.
Salam alaikum wa rahmatullah.
From Abu Hurayra (may Allah be pleased with him) Prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa salam) said:
“The best from your is a best (in his attitude) towards my family after me”
Ibn al-Arabi in “Mojam”#702.
Abu Yala in “Mosnad” #5924.
Hakim in “Mostadrak” #5359
Hakim said it’s saheh on the terms of Moslem, and has a witness on the terms of shaikham.
Dhahabi in “Talhees” said hadith is on the terms of Moslem.
Shaikh Albani said it’s good in “Silsila as saheha” #1845.
Ibn Majah ® reported in his “Sunnan”:
148 – حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ أَبِي عَوْفٍ أَبِي الْجَحَّافِ، – وَكَانَ مَرْضِيًّا – عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ” مَنْ أَحَبَّ الْحَسَنَ وَالْحُسَيْنَ فَقَدْ أَحَبَّنِي وَمَنْ أَبْغَضَهُمَا فَقَدْ أَبْغَضَنِي ” .
(Chain) from Abu Hurayra: Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa ala alihi wa salam) said: Who would love al-Hasan and al-Husayn he loves me, and whoever would hate them, hates me”.
Sheikh Albani in “Saheeh ibn Majah” said it’s hasan.