How Truthful was Saduq? (Article written by waqifi shia)

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

In the previous article, Alteration and Reorientation of Text in Twelver Shi`ism, we discussed how a pattern of alteration to ahadith in Twelver books can be detected, where previously non-Twelver narrations (including explicitly pro-Sevener/Waqifi narrations) will be altered to reflect the later Twelver theology.  In this article, we will focus on one scholar in particular, Muhammad b. `Ali b. al-Husayn b. Babuwayh al-Qummi, famously known as Shaykh Saduq, one of the most prominent figures in Twelver Shi`i hadith collections, whose Man La Yahdaruhu a-Faqih is considered one of the found major canonical source collections of Shi`i hadith. Many – even most – of the very pro-Twelver narrations that people will cite are to be found in his books such as his Kamal ad-Deen, and so it is important to analyze how reliable the man himself was in what he would report. Continue reading

Shaykh Saduq manipulator

Bismillah wa salatu wa salamu ala rasullah.

Shaykh of shias al-Khui said in his book “Mojam ar-Rijaal”:

بقي هنا شى‏ء: وهو أنّ الشيخ الصدوق : قدّس سرّه : قال في أماليه: حدّثنا محمد بن الحس‏ؤن الصفّار، قال: حدّثنا العبّاس بن معروف. الحديث الاوّل، من المجلس 68.
وقال في الحديث 2 من المجلس 82: حدّثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفّار، عن يعقوب بن يزيد. وقال في العلل: الجزء 1: حدّثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفّار، عن العبّاس بن معروف، باب 34، العلّة التي من أجلها دفن إسماعيل أمّه في الحجر، الحديث 1.
وظاهر هذه الجمل، أنه : قدّس سرّه : يروي عن الصفّار بلا واسطة وهو شيخه، ولكن هذا أمر غير ممكن، فإنّ الصفّار مات سنة مائتين وتسعين على ماعرفت، والشيخ الصدوق : قدّس سرّه : ولد بعد ثلاثمائة، فكيف يمكن أن يروي عنه

http://www.al-khoei.us/books/?id=7810

Translation:

and one question remains. He (Muhammad as-Saffar) was from shaykhs of shaykh Saduq. He (Saduq) said in al-Amali: Narrated to us Muhammad ibn al-Hasan as-Saffar – narrated to us al-Abbas ibn Maroof. See 1 hadith from 68 gathering.  And in 2 hadith from 82 gathering: narrated to us Muhammad ibn al-Hasan as-Saffar from Yaqub ibn Yazid. And he said in al-Ilal, first volume: narrated to us Muhammad ibn al-Hasan as-Saffar from al-Abbas ibn Maroof …………………. And obvious from  this, that he (Saduq) narrated from as-Saffar without any intermediate, and he was his shaykh. BUT THIS IS NOT POSSIBLE. Because as-Saffar died in 290 year, from what is known. And shaykh Saduq born after 300 year. And how is it possible that eh narrated from him?

 

Another example of “honesty” of Saduq.

al-Khui also said in other place of his book (9/83):

الرابعة: أن الصدوق ذكر في الامالي، المجلس 63، الحديث 1: حدثنا سعد ابن عبد الله، قال: حدثنا أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى… الحديث. وظاهر هذا الكلام رواية الصدوق عن سعد بن عبد الله بلا واسطة، وهذا أمر غير ممكن، فإن سعد ابن عبد الله مات سنة (299) أو سنة (301) فكيف يمكن أن يروي عنه الصدوق المتولد بعد ذلك

http://ar.lib.eshia.ir/14036/9/83

Translation:

4-th: as-Saduq mentioned in al-Amali, gathering 63, hadith 1: narrated to us Sad ibn Abdullah – narrated to us Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Eisa… al-hadith. And apparent from these words that he Saduq use to narrate from Sad ibn Abdullah without any intermediate. And this is not possible. Because Sad ibn Abdullah died in 299 or 301 year. And how Saduq which bore after could narrate from him?

 

Ayatollah al-Muzaffar distorting hadith from Sunnan Tirmizi

Bismillah wa salatu wa salamu ala rasulullah.

Salam alaikum wa Rahmatullah.

Once we have already posted an evidence from known shia scholar Jafar Subhani, where he clearly tampered hadith from Sunnan Tirmizi.

Just to remind people, imam Tirmizi narrated:

823 _ عن صالح بن كيسان عن ابن شهاب أن سالم بن عبد الله [ حدثه أنه سمع رجلا من أهل الشام وهو يسأل عبد الله بن عمر عن التمتع بالعمرة إلى الحجفقال عبد الله بن عمر : هي حلال فقال الشامي : إن أباك قد نهى عنها فقال عبد الله بن عمر : أرأيت إن كان أبي نهى عنها وصنعها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أأمر أبي نتبع أم أمر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال الرجل : بل أمر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال لقد صنعها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ]

(Chain) fr0m Salim ibn Abdullah which narrated to him that he heard a man from people of Syria asking Abdullah ibn Umar about tammatu of umra to haj, and Abdullah ibn Umar said: Its permitted….

Shaykh of shias al-Muzaffar in his book “Dalail as-Sidq” (7/275), chapter words of Allama al-Hilli: Continue reading

Their shaykh as-Saduq – khayanatul Ilmiyah

Bismillah wa salatu wa salamu ala rasullah. Salam alaikum wa Rahmatullah. Those readers who spent some of their times by browsing our blog, seen some articles about famous and known shia shaykh as-Saduq, ibn Babaweyh al-Qummi. However, we’d like to present couple of additional quotes from shias scholars and books, and some old one from other editions. Continue reading

On book of Sulaym ibn Qays

Salam alaikum.

I remember once during the debate on shia beliefs in Quran, one from them quoted book by Sulaym ibn Qays, as a proof that shia believe in authenticy of present Quran.

Taken from “Kitab ad-duafa” by ibn Ghadaere:

ghadairi ala sulaym 2

( 1 ) – 1 – سُلَيْمُ بنُ قَيْس، الهِلاليّ، العامِريّ. روى‏ عن أميرالمُؤْمِنين‏(1)، والحَسَنِ، والحُسَيْنِ، وعليِّ بن‏الحُسَيْن(ع). ويُنْسَبُ إليه هذا الكتابُ المَشْهُورُ.(2) وكانَ أصحابُنا يقُولُون: إِنّ سُلَيْماً لا يُعْرَفُ، ولا ذُكِرَ في خَبَرٍ. وقد وجدتُ ذِكْرَهُ في مواضعَ من غير جِهَةِ كتابِهِ، ولا من روايةِ أَبان ابن أبي عيّاش عنهُ.(3) وقد ذَكَرَ لهُ ابنُ عُقْدة في «رجال أمير المؤمنين (ع)» أحاديثَ عنهُ. والكتابُ موضُوعٌ، لا مِرْيَةَ فيهِ، وعلى ذلك علاماتٌ فيهِ تَدُلُّ على ما ذكرناهُ. منها: ما ذَكَرَ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بنَ أبي بَكْرٍ وَعَظَ أباهُ عندَ مَوْتِهِ. ومنها: أَنَّ الأئمّةَ ثلاثةَ عَشَر. وغيرُ ذلك.(4) وأسانيدُ هذا الكتابِ تختلفُ: تارةً بِرواية عُمَر بن أُذَيْنة، عن إبْراهيم بن عُمَر الصَنْعانيّ، عن أبان بن أبي عيّاش، عن سُلَيْم. وتارةً يُرْوى‏ عن عُمَر، عن أبانٍ، بلا واسِطةٍ.(5)

1 – Sulaym b. Qays. Al-Hilali. Al-`Amiri. Narrated from Amir al-Mu’mineen (as), al-Hasan (as), al-Husayn (as) and `Ali b. al-Husayn (as). This famous book is attributed to him. Our companions would would say that Sulaym is not known, and not mentioned in (any) report. I have found mention of him in places other than from the direction of his book, and not from the narration of Aban b. Abi `Ayyash from him. Ibn `Uqda has made mentioned hadiths from him in ‘Rijal Amir al-Mu’mineen.’ The book (attributed to Sulaym) is a forgery, no doubt about it. There is evidence showing what we have mentioned about it. From it: what it mentions about Muhammad b. Abu Bakr exhorted his father at his death. And for it: that the Imams are thirteen. And other than that. The isnads of this book vary. Sometimes by the narration of `Umar b. Udhayna from Ibrahim b. `Umar as-San`ani from Aban b. Abi `Ayyash from Sulaym. And sometimes it is narrated from `Umar from Aban without an intermediary.

Official page of ayatullat Sistani says about ibn Ghadaeere:

sistany

وإن ابن الغضائري هو المعتمد في مقام الجرح والتعديل أكثر من النجاشي والشيخ وأمثالهما

…. and ibn al Ghadaeere he is reliable in the matters of praise and critic more than an-Najashi, Shaykh (at-Toose) and (others) like them.

Ibn Tawus al-Hilli and his alleged shaykh

Not sure that there is a need in the introduction of ibn Tawus al-Hilli.

Just a quote from his book “Muhaj ad-Duat” (p 137, load here)

137_mahaj_ibn_tawus

He said:

و من ذلك دعاء لمولانا أمير المؤمنين علي ع المعروف بدعاء اليماني
أخبرنا أبو عبد الله الحسين بن إبراهيم بن علي القمي المعروف بابن الخياط
And from this Dua to Mawlana commander of Faithful Ali (a), known as dua al-Yamane.
NARRATED TO US Abu Abdullah al-Husayn ibn Ibrahim ibn Ali al-Qummi, known as ibn al-Khayat…

Mushkilah: Abul Qasim ibn Tawus was born in 589 h.

Ibn al-Khayat was from shaykhs of Abu Jafar at-Toose.

At-Toose died in 460 h.

Opinions? How to explain such gap between people who suppose to met? Because ibn Tawus clearly used term “and narrated to US”. That term suppose that they have to met each other.

May be they met when ibn Tawus was sleeping?  I remember that sh. Mufid once debated with Umar :RA Anho: in his dream. )