Answering to letter 48 from “al-Murajiat”
By Abdullah ibn Abu Effendi. 12 Juma al-awwal 1431.
All praise is due to Allah, the Rabb of all mankind, jinn and all that exists. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet the Seal of all Messengers, Muhammad, his family, Companions and all those who follow him till the Day of Judgement. – Ameen.
Below you would see detailed answer to letter 48 and lies of abdulhusayn in it.
Hadith 1. Rafidi said in the very beginning of that letter:
Consider the statement of the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him and his progeny while holding `Ali’s neck “This is the Imam of the righteous the slayer of the debauchees; victorious is whoever supports him forsaken (by Allah) is whoever abandons him.” He (p.b.u.h.) raised his voice while saying the last phrase. This is included by al-Hakim as narrated by Jabir on page 129 Vol. 3 of Al-Mustadrak where the author comments saying: “This is one hadith the authenticity of which is attested to by its own chain of narrators though both authors (of sahih books) did not record it.”
Hadith is fabrication, as it stated by Albani (“Silsila ad daifa” 357). Dhahabi in “Talkhees”, and ibn Adi in “Kamil” (1/192/32, darul fikr, Beirut, 3-d edition 1409). In the chain of Hakim narrator Ahmad ibn Abdullah ibn Yazeed al-Harrani and he use to fabricate narrations. (“Mizanul itidal” 1/109/429)
Consider his statement peace be upon him and his progeny “It has been revealed to me that `Ali has three exclusive merits: that he is the chief of the Muslims the Imam of the righteous and the leader of those whose foreheads radiate with the mark of faith.” It is included by al-Hakim at the beginning of page 138 Vol. 3 of his Mustadrak where the author comments: “This is one hadith the accuracy of which is attested to by its own chain of narrators though both authors (of the sahih books) did not record it.”
This hadith isn’t authentic. It’s amazing that when it was suitable for abdulhusayn he use to quote opinion of imam Dhahabi from “Talkhees”, but in this case he kept silence.
Because Dhahabi in “Talkhees” noticed that this hadith is fabrication. Same opinion shared Albani (“Silsila ad daifa” 353).
Ibnul Imad said: “This hadith is extremely rejected (munkar), and seems that it’s from fabrications of extreme shias. Such descriptions (that mentioned in hadith) belongs to prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) and not to Ali”. (“Kanzul ummal” 33010, muasasat Risala, Beirut). And indeed! Only prophet (sallalahu alaihi wa ala alihi wa sallam) was Imam of the righteous the slayer of the debauchees!
Hakim narrated this hadith via chain: Amr ibn al-Hasin al-Uqayli – Yahya ibn Ala ar-Razi.
Daraqutni said about Amr: “Abandoned”. And he was criticized by Abu Dhurah and Abu Khatim. (“Mizanul itidal” 3/252/6351)
As for other narrator, Yahya, then imam Ahmad said about him: “Liar, fabricated ahadeth”. Daraqutni said: “Abandoned”. (“Mizanul itidal” 4/397/9591).
This hadith also was transmitted by Tabarani. Al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (14700) said: “Narrated by Tabarani in “as-Saghir”, in the chain Isa ibn Sawadat and he’s liar”. Yahya ibn Muin also said that this narrator was liar. (“Mizanul itidal” 3/312/6569)
And second problem in the chain of Tabarani is narrator Mujashi ibn Amr, and he also was liar. (“Mizanul itidal” 3/436/7066)
Hadith 3. Rafidi said:
Consider his statement peace be upon him and his progeny “It has been revealed to me that `Ali is the chief of the Muslims the wali of the pious and the leader of those whose foreheads radiate with the mark of faith.” It is recorded by Ibn al-Najjar and many other authors of books of traditions.
Hadith isn’t authentic but fabricated. (“Silsila ad daifa” 4889) Dhahabi cited in “Mizanul itidal” in the bio of Yahya ibn Ala ar-Razi as an example of his narrations. Ahmad said about him: “Liar, fabricated ahadeth”. Daraqutni said: “Abandoned”. (“Mizanul itidal” 4/397/9591).
Some words regarding his reference to people of sunnah. In the Arabic text it is written: Narrated by ibn Najar and others from companions of sunnan (ashabu sunnan).
That nothing but clear, blatant lie. Because you would not find this hadith in any book of sunnan. When someone talks about “ashabu sunnan”, Muslims think that it’s about 4 well known books of “sunnan”. Tirmizi, Abu Dawud, Nasai, ibn Majah.
Hadith 4. Rafidi said:
Consider his statement peace be upon him and his progeny to `Ali: “Welcome chief of the Muslims Imam of the pious!” It is included by Abu Na`im in Hilyat al-Awliya’.
Hadith is fabrication. (“Silsila ad daifa” 4885). Abu Nuaym narrated in in “Hiliyah” (1/66) via chain: Ahmad ibn Yahya – al-Hasan ibn al-Husayn – Ibrahim ibn Yusuf ibn Abu Ishaq – his father Abu Ishaq – Shabe – Ali.
This chain contains 4 serious defects:
1) Al-Hasan ibn al-Husayn, that’s Aroone Koofe. Weak narrator from leaders of shias. Ibn Adi said: “His ahadeth doesn’t looks like ahadeth of reliable narrators”. (“Mizanul itidal” 1/483/1829).
2) Ibrahim ibn Yusuf ibn Abu Ishaq. Ibn Muin said this narrator is nothing. Nasai said that he was not strong. Abu Dawud and Juzajani said he was weak. (“Mizanul itidal” 1/76/258).
3) Chain between Ibrahim and his father is broken. Abu Nuaym said that Ibrahim didn’t hear from his father. (“Mizanul itidal” ibid)
4) Chain between Shabe and Ali is also broken.
Hadith 5. Rafidi said:
Consider his statement peace be upon him and his progeny “The first to enter through this door is the Imam of the pious the chief of Muslims the head of the religion the seal of the wasis and the leader of those whose foreheads radiate with the mark of faith ” whereupon `Ali entered and he peace be upon him and his progeny stood up happily excited hugged him and wiped his sweat saying: “You shall fulfill my covenant convey my message and after me clarify whatever seems to be ambiguous.”
Hadith isn’t authentic. (“Silsila ad daifa” 4886) Abu Nuaym narrated it in “Hiliyah” (1/63) from Anas ibn Malik via chain: Muhammad ibn Uthman ibn Abu Shaiba – Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Maimun – Ali ibn Aiash – Harith ibn al-Huthirat – al-Qasim ibn Jundub.
There are a lot of problem in this chain:
1) I couldn’t find any kind of good or bad info about al-Qasim ibn Jundub.
2) al-Harith ibn al-Huthirat narrator from shias.
3) As it seems in the text in “Hiliyah” is error. Instead of Ali ibn Aiash should be Ali ibn Abith. Because I couldn’t find Harith ibn al-Huthirat between shuyookh of ibn Aiash, and Ibrahim ibn Muhammad between people that narrated from him. But both of them present in the bio of Ali ibn Abis. (“Tahzib al-kamal” 20/4093). Ibn Muin said that this Ali ibn Abith is nothing. Nasai, Azdi and Juzajani said he was weak. (“Mizanul itidal” 3/134/5872)
4) Ibrahim ibn Muhammad ibn Maimun. This narrator was criticized. (Dhahabi “Mugni fi duafa” 170)
5) Muhammad ibn Uthman ibn Abu Shayba. Abdullah ibn Ahmad and ibn Hirash accused him in lie. (“Mizanul itidal” 3/642/7934)
Similar narration was reported by liar Jabir al-Jufi from Abu Tufayl.
Hadith 6. Rafidi said:
Consider his statement peace be upon him and his progeny “Allah has promised me that `Ali is the standard of guidance the Imam of whoever accepts my wilayat the light for whoever obeys me and the word which I have mandanted unto the pious.” As you see these six ahadith contain obvious texts regarding his imamate and the obligation to obey him peace be upon him.
Hadith is fabrication. (“Silsila ad daifa” 4887) . Abu Nuaym narrated it in “Hiliyah” (1/66-67) via chain: Abbad ibn Said ibn Abbad al-Jufi – Muhammad ibn Uthman ibn Abu Bakhlul – Salih ibn Abu Aswad – Abul Muttahar ar-Razi – al-Asha as-Sakafi – Salam al-Jufi.
Almost all narrators except Salih are unknown. Salih himself is “munkar al-hadith” as it was noticed by Dhahabi in “Mugni fi duafa” (2815).
Ibn Asakir in “Tareh madinatul dimashq” (42/270) gave similar narration from words of Umar ibn Ali. In chain is Muhammad ibn Ubeydullah ibn Abu Rafe. IbnAsakir after he quoted this narration said: “Chain is broken”. I want to add that ibn Abu Rafe is extremely weak narrator.
Al-Musawi pointed to narration of Anas in the footnote. That hadith was reported by Abu Nuaym in “Hiliyah” (1/66) via chain: Lahiz ibn Abdullah – Mutamar ibn Sulayman – from his father – Hisham ibn Urwa – from his father.
Ibn Adi said about Lahiz: “Bagdadi, unknown. Narrated munkar things and refer them to reliable”. (“Mizanul itidal” 4/356/9440). Hatib in his history (14/987441) also noticed that this narrator isn’t reliable and unknown.
We see that Abdulhusayn after he mentioned these ahadeth said:
As you see these six ahadith contain obvious texts regarding his imamate and the obligation to obey him peace be upon him.
Praise to Allah! That Muslims can clearly see, all those ahadeth are not simply weak, but they are fabricated.
Hadith 7. Rafidi said:
Consider his statement peace be upon him and his progeny pointing to `Ali “This is the first to have believed in me the first to shake hands with me on the Day of Resurrection; he is the foremost friend and he is the faruq of this nation who distinguishes between right and wrong; he is the chief of the believers.”
Hadith isn’t authentic. Bazar quoted it in his “Musnad” (3898) from Abu Dharr. Shawkani in “Fawaid al-majmua” (p 443/45) said: “Al-Bazzar narrated it from Abu Dharr in elevated form. In the chain Muhammad ibn Ubeydullah ibn Abu Rafe. He was accused in fabrication. Abbad is rafidim and his ahadeth are weak”.
Tabarani narrated in in “al-Kabir” rom Salman, in the chain Amr ibn Said and he was weak as it noticed al-Heythami in “Majmau zawaid” (9/102).
Ibn Adi narrated in “al-Kamil” (4/228/1046) from ibn Abbas. In the chain Abdullah ibn Dahr and his father. Ibn Adi noticed that ibn Muin said about ibn Dahr: “He’s nothing”.
Father of Abdullah was rafidi (“Mizanul itidal” 2/3/№2587).
Uqayli quoted this hadith in the bio of Dahr ibn “Duafa” (2/n 477) and noticed that he was extreme rafidi, and it’s not permitted to rely on his ahadeth.
Abu Nuaym in “Marifat” and ibn Asakir in “Tareeh” (42/450) narrated it from Abu Laylat al-Qifari, in the chain Iskhaq ibn Bishr. Ibnul Asir in “Usudul qaba” in the bio of Abu Layla noticed: “Abu Umar said: “Iskhaq ibn Bishr, on his ahadeth it’s not permitted to rely on, if he stayed alone in narrating, due to his ahadeth unacceptable and weak”.
I couldn’t find info about narrator Ibrahim ibn Sulayman ibn Ali, that reported this hadith from Iskhaq.